Antique Northern Plains Indian Catlinite Pipe Bowl
Antique Northern Plains Indian Catlinite Pipe Bowl - Native American pipes were made in a number of different ways. Most were made by natives of the midwestern plains, who attached wooden stems to catlinite (pipestone) bowls. These pipes were used in rituals and religious ceremonies. This appealing 19th century example exhibits some attractive incised decorative elements, as well as geometric decorative aspects on the enlarged box-like stem entry point in the pipe. The pipe is in excellent condition and displays a nice aged patina to the red hued catlinite.
Measurements: Overall length – 8.75”; Height of bowl (above barrel) – 4”
Catlinite, also called pipestone, is a type of argillite (metamorphosed mudstone), usually brownish-red in color, which occurs in a matrix of Sioux Quartzite. Because it is fine-grained and easily worked, it is prized by Native Americans, primarily those of the Plains nations for use in making ceremonial pipes such as chanunpas. Pipestone quarries are located and preserved in Pipestone National Monument outside Pipestone, Minnesota, in Pipestone County, Minnesota, and at the Pipestone River in Ontario, Canada. The term “Catlinite” came into use after the American painter George Catlin visited the quarries in Minnesota in 1835; but it was Philander Prescott who first wrote about the rock in 1832, noting that evidence indicated that American Indians had been using the quarries since at least as far back as 1637.