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Civil War Field Drum of the 93rd NY Infantry


Civil War Field Drum of the 93rd NY Infantry – Peering through the sound hole of this drum, one can clearly see the original paper label of the drum maker, William Kilbourn of Albany, New York. This label notes Kilbourn’s address, at the time of manufacture, as, No. 7 Clinton Ave. in Albany.. Kilbourn was located at 147 Clinton Avenue, Albany, NY from 1858-1863 (Directory of American Military Goods Dealers & Makers 1785-1915). The drum retains both of its original buttermilk, red painted rims, as well as its tension ropes and some of the original leather tension ears; the original gut snares and brass snare-tightening device remain, as well.  Most of the original snare side drum head remains; the top drum head is torn with some significant loss. There are some minor field use, scratches to the body of the drum. Clearly stenciled to the body of the drum, in black, inked letters: “93D NYV”. The 93rd NY Infantry mustered in Jan. 1862 for three years, served as Provost Marshall for Washington, DC for their first year, and later saw action at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Appomattox and many others. The regiment lost a total of 258 men during service; 6 officers and 120 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 130 enlisted men died of disease. This drum has not been cut down and measures as follows:  Ht. – 14″; Diameter – 16 1/2″. Original drums of the Civil War period should measure, in their original size configuration, such that the height of the drum is about the same as the diameter.

Inside the drum is a label: “WILLIAM KILBOURN/SUCCESSOR TO GEORGE KILBOURN /MANUFACTURER OF BASS AND SNARE DRUMS,/TAMBOURINES, BANJOS, TOY DRUMS, &C./ALSO MANUFACTURER OF THE /PATENT GUITAR BANJO / No. 147 CLINTON AVENUE. / ALBANY, N. Y.”  Kilbourn manufactured drums at this location in the early 1860’s and is known to have made drums used by New York infantry regiments.

NY 93Rd Infantry Regiment

Washington County Regiment; Morgan Rifles; Northern Sharpshooters; New York Riflemen


Mustered in: October 1861 to January 1862.

Mustered out: June 29, 1865.

The following is taken from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.

This regiment, Col. John S. Crocker, was organized at Albany February 1, 1862, by adding to the companies recruited by him those recruited by Maj. B. C. Butler for a battalion of sharpshooters, A, B, C and D, and one company, E, originally recruited for the 76th Infantry. Major B. C. Butler had received authority from the War Department, August 14, 1861, to recruit four battalions of sharpshooters. The regiment was mustered in the United States service for three years between October, 1861, and January, 1862. In June, 1863, some of the three years’ men of the 22d Infantry were transferred to this. At the expiration of its term of enlistment the men entitled thereto were discharged and the regiment continued in service, but consolidated in November and December, 1864, into seven companies, A, C, D, E, F, Hand 1. June 2, 1865, the men of the 124th Infantry, not mustered out with their regiment, were transferred to this.

The companies were recruited principally: A at Chester; B Hobart’s Company, 2d United States Sharpshooters at Albany; C at Minerva; D at North Hamden; E at Cortland Village; F at Fort Edward; G at Cambridge; H at Boston [sic: should be Bolton]; I at Argyle, and K at Troy.

The regiment left the State March 7, 1862; served in Palmer’s Brigade, Casey’s Division, 4th Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March, 1862; Companies B, C, D, E, G and I at the White House, Va., the other companies as Provost Guard, Army of the Potomac, from May 19, 1862; the regiment, as such, from July, 1862; in 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 2d Corps, Army of the Potomac, from March, 1864, and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Haviland Gifford, June 29, 1865, near Washington, D. C.

During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 6 officers, 78 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 1 officer, 43 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 2 officers, 141 enlisted men; total, 9 officers, 262 enlisted men; aggregate, 271; of whom 1 officer. 22 enlisted men, died in the hands of the enemy.

The following is taken from The Union army: a history of military affairs in the loyal states, 1861-65 — records of the regiments in the Union army — cyclopedia of battles — memoirs of commanders and soldiers. Madison, WI: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. volume II.

Ninety-third Infantry.—Cols., John S. Crocker, Samuel McCon-ihe, Haviland Gifford; Lieut.-Cols., Benjamin C. Butler, Haviland Gifford, Jay H. Northrup; Majs., Ambrose S. Cassidy, Samuel Mc-Conihe, Henry P. Smith, Jay H. Northrup, George Bushnell. The 93d, the ‘”Morgan Rifles,” recruited mainly in Washington county, was mustered into the service of the United States at Albany, from Oct., 1861, to Jan., 1862. It left Albany, Feb. 14, 1862, with 998 members; camped at Riker’s island, New York city; moved to Washington on March 7; was there attached to Palmer’s brigade, Casey’s division and proceeded to the Peninsula on March 30. It was present at the siege of Yorktown; fought at Lee’s mills, Will-iamsburg and in the Seven Days’ battles; and upon the return from the Peninsula was present at Antietam and Fredericksburg, but was not actively engaged, having been detailed to perform provost guard duty at headquarters, a post occupied by the regiment for about two years. At the opening of the Wilderness campaign, the regiment, of which a large proportion had reenlisted, was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 3d division, 2nd corps, and showed its fighting mettle at the Wilderness, where it lost 258 killed or wounded out of 433 engaged. It was constantly in action during the battles of that month; at Cold Harbor in June, and upon the arrival of the army at Petersburg, joined in the first assault, followed by engagements at the Weldon railroad, Deep Bottom, Strawberry Plains, Poplar Spring Church, the Boydton road, Hatcher’s run and in the Appomattox campaign. The regiment remained at Petersburg until the end of the siege and constantly displayed such gallantry in action and reliability in the performance of every duty that it well deserved the reputation won as an unusually well-trained, efficient command and as a “fighting regiment.” It lost during the term of service 128 by death from wounds and 143 by death from other causes.

 93rd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment

Active October 1861 – June 29, 1865

Country         United States

Allegiance     Union

Branch           Infantry

Engagements Siege of Yorktown

Battle of Williamsburg

Seven Days Battles

Battle of South Mountain

Battle of Antietam

Battle of Fredericksburg

Battle of Chancellorsville

Battle of Gettysburg

Bristoe Campaign

Mine Run Campaign

Battle of the Wilderness

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Battle of North Anna

Battle of Cold Harbor

Siege of Petersburg

Second Battle of Petersburg

First Battle of Deep Bottom

Second Battle of Deep Bottom

Battle of Peeble’s Farm

Battle of Hatcher’s Run

Appomattox Campaign

Battle of Sailor’s Creek

The 93rd New York Volunteer Infantry (aka “Morgan Rifles”) was an infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War.


The 93rd New York Infantry was organized at Albany, New York between October 1861 and January 1862, and mustered in for three years service under the command of Colonel John S. Crocker.

The regiment was attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May 18, 1862. Provost Guard, Army of the Potomac, to April 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, II Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June 1865. The 93rd New York Infantry mustered out of service on June 27, 1865.

Detailed service

Moved to New York City February 17, then to Washington, D.C., March 7, 1862. Embarked at Alexandria, Va., for the Virginia Peninsula March 30, 1862. Siege of Yorktown, Va., April 5-May 4. Reconnaissance toward Lee’s Mills April 29. Battle of Williamsburg, Va., May 5. Operations about Bottom’s Bridge May 20–23 (Companies A, F, H, and K). Duty at White House Landing May 19-June 25 (Companies B, C, D, E, G, and I). Seven Days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Operations about White House Landing June 26-July 2. Maryland Campaign September 6–22. Battle of South Mountain September 14. Antietam September 16–17. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12–15. “Mud March” January 20–24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1–5. Gettysburg Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, July 1–4. Duty on line of the Rappahannock until October. Bristoe Campaign October 9–22. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7–8. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15, 1864. Battle of the Wilderness May 5–7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spotsylvania May 8–12. Po River May 10. Spotsylvania Court House May 12–21. Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle” May 12. Harris Farm or Fredericksburg Road May 19. North Anna River May 23–26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26–28. Totopotomoy May 28–31. Cold Harbor June 1–12. Before Petersburg June 16–18. Siege of Petersburg June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22–23, 1864. Demonstration north of the James July 27–29. Deep Bottom July 27–28. Demonstration north of the James River August 13–20. Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom, August 14–18. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run, October 27–28. Reconnaissance to Weldon Railroad December 9–10. Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run, February 5–7, 1865. Watkins’ House March 25. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Vaughan Road, near Hatcher’s Run, March 29. Crow’s House March 31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3–9. Sailor’s Creek April 6. High Bridge and Farmville April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Burkesville April 11–13, then to Washington, D.C., May 2–15. Grand Review of the Armies May 23.


The regiment lost a total of 258 men during service; 6 officers and 120 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 130 enlisted men died of disease.


Colonel John S. Crocker – captured April 29, 1862; exchanged and resumed command of the regiment January 1, 1864

Colonel Samuel McConihe

Colonel Haviland Gifford

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