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Civil War Officer’s Id’d Grouping – Slouch Hat, Rank Straps, Dress Epaulettes – Capt. S.C. Graves – SOLD


Civil War Officer’s Id’d Grouping – Slouch Hat, Rank Straps, Dress Epaulettes – This fine grouping consists of the slouch hat of Captain Samuel C. Graves (Co. C, 8th Massachusetts Infantry), his captain of the infantry rank straps and his cased, dress epaulettes. This exact grouping was featured in an article and on the cover of North South Trader’s Civil War Magazine, Vol. 30, No. 6, in 2004. Accompanying the grouping is a letter written by noted West Point Museum curator, Les Jensen, who states that the hat is definitively of the Civil War period and most likely belonged to Captain Graves. The hat is in overall very good condition; its interior is unlined and does not appear to ever have been lined. The sweatband, constructed of a brown leather, is 1.75” in width and is hand sewn to the interior of the hat. Around the base of the crown’s exterior is a wide, black, grosgrain silk ribbon, tied in a decorative bow on one side of the crown. Overlaying the exterior crown ribbon, is an original, Civil War officer’s “acorn”-tasseled hat cord; the “acorns” are the wide, bulky style as is typical of Civil War period officer hat cords. Around the brim of the hat are the remnants of a grosgrain ribbon binding, typically seen in Civil War officer’s slouch hats. The hat, as stated, is in very good condition, remaining very soft and “mellow” to the touch, constructed of a fine quality beaver or rabbit felt. The hat does show signs of wear and outdoor, period use. Affixed to the front of the hat is an embroidered officer’s infantry insignia, constructed of an oval black velvet disk, surmounted by a decorative bullion border along the perimeter of the velvet disk; in the center of the disk is a bullion infantry horn; within the center ring of the infantry horn are the old English, bullion letters “SG”. Les Jensen, in his descriptive letter, postulates that the “SG” either stands for “Sutton Guards” (Co. C, 8th Mass. Infantry was known as the “Sutton Light Infantry”; or perhaps, as the 8th Mass. was garrisoned at Ft. Standish, they may have adopted the moniker – “Standish Guards”) or it is conceivable, according to Jensen, that Graves simply placed the “SG” in his infantry insignia, to represent his initials. In consideration that this was a military hat, we would suggest that the SG stood either for “Sutton Guards” or “Standish Guards”.

The accompanying Civil War period, Captain of the infantry rank straps, are of the single bullion variety, displaying a rich, sky blue, velvet field, superimposed by the a pair of bullion, Captain’s bars, at each end of the straps. These are in good condition, with a section of the original velvet field missing on one of the straps and exhibiting some weathering to the blue velvet field. The accompanying dress epaulettes, are fine examples of Civil War period officer epaulettes, constructed of padded bullion upper sides, exhibiting early eagle motif cuff buttons at each distal end of the epaulette. The undersides of the epaulettes are covered in a bright red, Moroccan leather, with brass attachment bars surmounting this leather. The epaulettes are housed in a fine, period, japanned carrying case, which is in excellent condition.

Finally, also accompanying this grouping is a period, hand-inked note stating:

“These were used in the

Civil War


Capt Samuel C. Graves

Company C


Marblehead, Mass”

Samuel Chapman Graves

Residence Marblehead MA; a 31 year-old Shoe Cutter.  Enlisted on 4/30/1861 at Marblehead, MA as a 1st Lieutenant.  On 4/30/1861 he mustered into “C” Co. MA 8th Infantry  He was discharged for disability on 5/10/1861 at New York, NY  (Estimated date of discharge)  On 10/1/1862 he was commissioned into “C” Co. MA 8th Infantry  He was Mustered Out on 8/7/1863 at Boston, MA  On 7/20/1864 he was commissioned into “C” Co. MA 8th Infantry  He was Mustered Out on 11/10/1864  On 1/5/1865 he was commissioned into “27th” Co. MA Unattached Infantry  He was Mustered Out on 6/30/1865   Promotions: * Capt 10/1/1862 (As of Co. C 8th MA Infantry (9-months)) * Capt 7/20/1864 (As of Co. C 8th MA Infantry (100 days)) * Capt 1/5/1865 (As of 27th Unattached MA Inf)   Other Information: born in 1929 in Salem, MA Member of GAR Post # 5 (General Frederick West Lander) in Lynn, MA Member of GAR Post # 82 (John Goodwin, Jr.) in Marblehead, MA died 3/20/1911 in Marblehead, MA  Buried: Watersite Cemetery, Marblehead, MA  (Parents:  Amos Evan & Eliza (Chapman) Graves)  After the War he lived in Marblehead, MA

8th MA Infantry
( 3-mos )

Organized: Boston, MA on 4/16/61
Mustered Out: 8/1/61 at Boston, MA


     The 8th Regt. Mass. Vol. Mil., “Minute Men,” was called  to Boston by Special Order No. 14, issued on the afternoon of  April 15, 1861, by the Adjutant General of Massachusetts.   Having only eight companies, one company was added from the  7th Regt., a Salem unit, and one from Pittsfield, taken from  the 1st Battalion of Infantry.  Leaving the State April 18, it  proceeded to Annapolis, Md., on its way to the national  capital.  At Annapolis two companies were placed on the  frigate CONSTITUTION, guarding her until she was safely  removed to the harbor of New York.  Another company was  detached to do guard duty at Fort McHenry near Baltimore, Md.   The remainder of the regiment, after repairing the road-bed  from Annapolis to Annapolis Junction and restoring the rolling  stock of the railroad, proceeded to Washington, arriving April  26.  Not until April 30 were the men mustered into the service  of the United States.  On May 11 the regiment was ordered into  camp at the Relay House, Md.  Here Col. Munroe resigned on  account of age and ill health, and was succeeded by Col.  Edward W. Hinks, an officer destined to attain high rank  before the war was done.  On July 2d the entire regiment was  ordered to Baltimore, Md., the left wing arriving in the  morning and the right wing in the evening of the following  day.  On July 29 it was ordered to Boston, Mass., and here on  August 1, 1861, it was mustered out of the service.PLYMOUTH (SAQUISH) 1879, 1956 1879 PLYMOUTH COUNTY ATLAS, PLATE 63 Plan Book 10, Page 917 FORT STANDISH (located on Lovell Island, in the Boston Harbor area) was a Civil War Fort located on Saquish Head. Saquish is a piece of land which was granted to Plymouth in 1638 by King James. It was once an island, but is now accessible by vehicle from Duxbury Beach or by boat. In 1863, Fort Standish was built on Saquish Head, the highest point in Saquish, on land owned by the Burgess family. The fort was named after the leader of the militia for Plymouth Colony, Myles Standish. Fort Standish was a series of earthworks with cannons mounted on each of its four corners manned by local residents and commanded by Captain Redman. During the Civil War, the fort supplemented the larger Fort Andrews located on the Gurnet. The guns never fired on Confederate forces.