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Fine Civil War Period Carpetbag Id’d to a Solider in the 12 NH Vols


Fine Civil War Period Carpetbag Id’d to a Solider in the 12 NH Vols – This is simply the best Civil War period carpetbag we have had. The bag is in superb condition, retaining vivid colors and exhibiting no insect damage. This style of carpetbag has a leather exterior bottom, with two raised brass disks to support the bag when placed on the ground or floor. It retains its original lock and clasp, as well as its original key, still attached to the bag via the original string. The off-white linen lining is in perfect condition, as well. Clearly visible on the inside of the flap closure linen lining is stenciled: “L.H. Hartshorn Co. I 12th NHV”. Hartshorn remained in the 12th NH Vols – including Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Cold Harbor, the Siege of Petersburg and the Battle of the Crater. This carpet bag is truly the best of the best, with a fine ID.


Loammi Hartshorn


Residence Meredith NH; a 34 year-old Wagon Painter.  Enlisted on 8/15/1862 as a Corporal.  On 9/9/1862 he mustered into “I” Co. NH 12th Infantry  He was Mustered Out on 6/21/1865 at Richmond, VA   He was listed as: *  (date and place not stated)   Promotions: * Sergt 10/15/1863 (Estimated day) * 1st Sergt 5/11/1864  * 2nd Lieut 5/18/1865 (Not Mustered)   Other Information: born 7/1/1828 in Lunenburgh, MA died 6/22/1890 in Meredith, NH  (Son of Loammi Hartshorn and Sibyl Scripture. Wife:   Mary Gay. Children: Frank, Charles.)




12th NH Infantry
( 3-years )

Organized: Concord, NH on 9/1/62
Mustered Out: 6/21/65 at Richmond, VA Officers Killed or Mortally Wounded: 11
Officers Died of Disease, Accidents, etc.: 1
Enlisted Men Killed or Mortally Wounded: 170
Enlisted Men Died of Disease, Accidents, etc.: 138
(Source: Fox, Regimental Losses) 









Sep ’62 Nov ’62 Unattached Whipple’s Military District of Washington
Nov ’62 Jun ’63 2 3 3 Army of Potomac
Jun ’63 Jul ’63 1 2 3 Army of Potomac To Point Lookout, MD
Dec ’63 Apr ’64 Dist of St. Mary’s 18 Department of Virginia and North Carolina
Apr ’64 Sep ’64 2 2 18 Army of the James
Sep ’64 Dec ’64 Provisional 18 Army of the James
Dec ’64 Jun ’65 2 3 24 Army of the James Mustered Out




By ASA W. BARTLETT, late Captain Twelfth Regiment New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry, and Historian of the Regiment.      THE fact that this regiment sprang into potential existence  in about three days, and that for three years lacking only  three months it served in the armies of the Potomac and the  James, where, by a loss of more than one third of its members  in killed and wounded, it made for itself a record of valor and  sacrifice unsurpassed, if equalled, by any other regiment of  infantry in the Union army, is convincingly suggestive to the  reader how inadequate and incomplete must be the brief skeleton  sketch that can be given it in the limited space allotted here.      To the memory and honor of Colonels George W. Stevens and  Thomas J. Whipple, of Laconia, more than to any other two or  ten persons, belongs the credit of raising the regiment,-to the  former, for originating the idea of raising it in Belknap  county and adjoining towns, upon certain conditions precedent  to be granted by Governor Berry, provided it should be ready  for muster within ten days; and to the latter, assisted by his  able coadjutor, for his great and successful efforts, as an  orator, in so arousing the people to a proper sense of their duty and danger as to raise it in so short a time.      The long and bitter contest between Governor Berry and his  advisers on one side, and Colonel Whipple and his friends,  including the whole regiment and many prominent men of the  State, on the other side, concerning who should be  commissioned colonel, finally ended in the rejection of both  Whipple and Stevens, whom the regiment had chosen to lead them,  and the selection by the Governor of Joseph H. Potter, of  Concord, then captain in the Seventh United States Regiment,  and John F. Marsh, of Nashua, a captain the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers, for colonel and lieutenant-colonel of the regiment.       The companies rendezvoused and were mustered into the  United States service as they arrived at ” Camp Belknap,” on  Concord plains, and left there for Washington, D. C., September  27, 1862.      It may be stated here that a thousand larger and more  stalwart-looking men never marched down the main street of  their capital city.  More, perhaps, than any other regiment  from the State, from having a greater proportion of the “sons  of the soil,” they represented the brawn, if not the brain, of  its mountains and hills, and soon received the name of “The  New Hampshire Mountaineers.”      Arriving at Washington on the morning of the 29th, the  regiment went into camp the same day upon Arlington Heights, Va., about seven miles from the Capitol, where it remained under constant drill until the 17th of October, when it  proceeded by rail to Knoxville, Md.; and nine days later, the  26th, it crossed the Potomac at Berlin, and became a part of  the great moving column of Union soldiers known as the Army of  the Potomac.        Proceeding southward to Falmouth, Va., by short yet  wearisome marches-for the men were then tyros instead of heroes  the regiment soon after went into its first battle at  Fredericksburg, Va., receiving a savage introduction from the  Confederate artillery, which cut two officers and seven men  from its line December 12, before crossing the river.  For the  next three days it participated in the battle, greatly exposed  to the enemy’s batteries, but fortunately suffering but little  loss.  Two companies, C and F, left by mistake on picket when  tthe arm retreated, were rescued at the last moment by Colonel  Marsh at great risk.        In this battle the Twelfth acted as an independent  command in Whipple’s division of the Third Corps, in the Centre  Grand Division, commanded by Hooker.      The winter at Falmouth, following Burnside’s bloody  repulse, though unusually mild, was a severe one for the army,  the Twelfth, in common with other regiments, losing sadly from sickness, as many as seven dying in a single night.  The  exposures and hardships of the Fredericksburg campaign and of  the famous “ Mud March” soon following, in which the regiment  and the whole army labored hard, but in vain, to reach the  enemy’s lines once more, had doubtless much to do with  increasing the rate of mortality.      May 2, 1863-a day never to be forgotten by a survivor of  the Twelfth — the campaign for that year with the Army of the  Potomac opened with terrible earnestness at Chancellorsville, Va., where the regiment suffered severely, being the last  regiment of the Third Corps, which bore the brunt of the fight,  to retreat, and leaving nearly all its officers and more than  half of the men dead or wounded on the field.      In this most desperate conflict, of the five hundred and  forty-nine musket-bearers who went into the fight, only two (so  far as the writer, after long and diligent search, has been  able to find) escaped untouched.  Those who were not killed or  wounded had their clothes, blankets, or equipments torn with  pieces of shell or pierced with bullets.      Two months later, after making one of the most trying  marches of the war, found the regiment on the decisive  battlefield of Gettysburg, where it was again baptized in  blood.  Its monument, now standing there, close by the  Emmitsburgh road, truthfully proclaims to the passer-by that  out of two hundred and twenty-four officers and men engaged, on  July 2, 1863, twenty were killed and seventy-nine wounded, six  mortally.  The regiment was then in Carr’s brigade and  Humphrey’s division of the Third Corps, commanded by General  Sickles.      Leaving the battlefield on the 6th, the regiment followed,  with the army, the retreating forces of General Lee, taking a  part in the battle of Wapping Heights, until it reached  Warrington, Va., where, on the 27th of July, it was detached,  with the Second and Fifth New Hampshire regiments, from the  Army of the Potomac and ordered to report at Point Lookout,  Md., where it arrived on the 31st of the same month.      It remained there with the Second and Fifth, as a guard  brigade of rebel prisoners under General Marston, until the  opening of the spring campaign of 1864.  It was here that the Twelfth received its first and last installment of recruits, if  they can properly be called such.      Of the four hundred and forty assigned and accredited to  the regiment, over sixty deserted before reaching it, one  hundred were soon after transferred to the navy, and about one  third of the remainder deserted before the end of the war.  Yet  it should be recorded, in justice to those left, that they made  good soldiers, and many of them fell on the field of battle,  twenty-eight being killed at Cold Harbor.       After leaving Point Lookout for Yorktown, Va., and while  encamped at Williamsburgh, the regiment, on the 23d day of  April, 1864, was assigned to General Wistar’s brigade of  Weitzel’s division, in the Eighteenth Corps, commanded by Maj. Gen. W. F. Smith, which, together with the Tenth Corps under  General Gilmore, composed General Butler’s Army of the James,  which on the 5th of May ascended that river to attack Richmond  on the south, while General Lee was engaged in defending it  against General Grant’s approach from the north.      While in this command it participated in the battles of  Swift Creek, Relay House or Fort Stevens, Drewry’s Bluff, and  Port Walthall, in all of which it suffered more or less  severely, aggregating a loss in killed and wounded of about  fifty men.      On the 29th of May the regiment boarded transports with the  Eighteenth Corps at City Point, Va., for White House Landing,  on the Pamunkey river, and on June 1 joined the Army of the  Potomac confronting the enemy at Cold Harbor.  On the 3d, it  led its brigade, massed by divisions, in the terrible charge at  that place, where nearly twenty thousand brave veterans of the  Union army were killed or disabled without gaining ground  enough from the enemy upon which to bury the dead.  The Twelfth  was crushed and hurled back as by an avalanche or a cyclone,  having nearly half of its officers killed or mortally wounded,  and losing over fifty per cent of the men who uncapped their  pieces for the charge less than ten minutes before.      After remaining until the night of the 11th under the fire  of the enemy’s guns, losing in killed or wounded almost every  day, the regiment, with its corps, returned to City Point, from which it marched immediately to the attack on Petersburg, and  from the 15th of June to the 25th of August it was engaged in  the memorable siege of that city, including the battle of the Mine Explosion, and was almost constantly, day and night, under the enemy’s fire.  Though its loss in numbers was comparatively  small considering the length of time and great exposure, yet  many fell; but none so much and long lamented as Chaplain  Thomas L. Ambrose, who was mortally wounded by a rebel  sharpshooter July 24, 1864.      After leaving the siege lines of Petersburg, the regiment  occupied the lines of defense at Bermuda Hundred; north of the  James’ upon Chaffin’s farm ; and at or near Fort Harrison  during the fall and winter of 1864-5.  During this time it  occupied many different positions, and served in three or four  different brigade and division commands, the last being in the Second Brigade, Third Division of the Twenty-fourth Army Corps’  in which it remained until the close of the war.      On the I7th of November, at the “Gate-Way” (so called), on the Bermuda front, a picket detail of fifty men from the  regiment successfully resisted a determined midnight attack of  the enemy, until the ” Hundred Day ” regiments giving way upon  both its flanks, left it to be surrounded by the enemy, and two officers and thirty-five men of the regiment to be captured and sent to Libby prison, in Richmond, from which two -  Benjamin Thompson and Albert W. Bacheler -soon after escaped and returned safely to the regiment.  In this affair one  officer and six men were wounded.      On the memorable morning of April 3, 1865, a detail from  the Twelfth, under the command of Captain Bohonon, who was the first man of the picket line to mount the enemy’s works, were among the pickets of the Second Brigade, who claim, with much reason, to be the first infantry troops to enter Richmond.      The regiment, after doing provost and guard duty for a  while in Richmond and Manchester, on the other side of the  river, was detached from the rest of the corps, and sent to Danville, Va., on special duty, and Colonel Barker, for a time, was put in command of the sub-district of the city of Danville and adjoining counties, some of his line officers acting as  provost marshals for the different counties.      June 13, 1865, the regiment returned from Danville to  Manchester, Va., and was mustered out of the United States  service at Richmond, June 21, 1865.      The next day, what was left of the original organization- the recruits having been transferred to the Second Regiment- started for home, reaching Boston by steamer on the 25th, and  arriving at Concord about sunset on the 27th.  The train was  delayed by receptions accident at Hooksett, by which several  were slightly injured, and at Nashua and Manchester and by an  Chaplain Higgins had a leg broken.       July 3 the officers and men were paid off, and the 4th was  “Independence Day” indeed, to them, for they were not only  enjoying the unrestricted pleasures and privileges of home, but were freemen on their native soil once more, where, like  Cincinnatus, they could henceforth ” greatly independent live.”      The Twelfth Regiment, during its term of service, was  commanded as follows: From Concord, N. H., to Chancellorsville, Va., by Col. Joseph H. Potter, ably assisted by Lieut. Col.  John F. Marsh, who had much to do with the care and discipline of the regiment.      Both of these officers were severely wounded in that  battle, and Colonel Marsh never returned to the regiment for  service afterward.  Colonel Potter returned in September, 1864, but was at once assigned to the command of a brigade.      On the march to Gettysburg, and in the first part of the  regiment’s engagement there, it was under the command of Capt. John F. Langley.  He also assumed command again after the  regiment was detached from the Army of the Potomac, and  continued so while it remained at Point Lookout, and at  different times while on the march or in camp after joining the  Army of the James.      On the 4th day of July, 1863, 0n the field of Gettysburg, Capt. Thomas E. Barker first took command of the regiment; and from that date until it was disbanded at Concord,July3, I865, except for the time above referred to, he had both the honor and the responsibility of leading the regiment into every  battle ill which it was engaged, from Gettysburg to Richmond, and into the city itself.      It should also be stated that Lieut. Edwin E. Bedee  commanded awhile upon, and took what was left of the regiment from, the field of Chancellorsville, and that Capt. William F. F. Fernal acted a similar part in the engagement of the  regiment on the second day at Gettysburg.      The organizations in which the regiment served during the war, with dates of assignment etc., are concisely stated as follows.      The Twelfth New Hampshire Volunteers was attached to  Wright’s Brigade, Casey’s Division, Defenses of Washington,  September 30, 1862, Whipple’s Division, Defenses of Washington, October 5, 1862; with Whipple’s Division to Twelfth Army Corps, October 22, 1862; detached with Whipple’s Division from Twelfth Army Corps, October 29, 1862; attached with Whipple’s (Third)  Division to Third Army Corps, November 16, 1862; Second  Brigade, Third Division, Third Army- Corps, January 17,1863; First Brigade, Second Division, Third Army Corps, June 11 to July 26,1863; in District of St. Mary’s, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, July 31, 1863, to April 23,1864; attached  to Wistar’s Brigade, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, April 12,1864; Second Brigade, Second Division, Eighteenth Army Corps, April 23, 1864; Potter’s Provisional Brigade, Defenses  of Bermuda Hundred, Army of the James, September 20, 1864;  Third Brigade, First Division, Eighteenth Army Corps, October 8, 1864 ; Potter’s Provisional Brigade, Defenses of Bermuda Hundred, Army of the James, October 14,1864; Second Brigade, Third Division, Twenty-fourth Army Corps, December 4, 1864.  E N G A G E M E N TS       Fredericksburg, Va.                     Dec. 12-15,1862     Chancellorsville, Va.                     May 2, 3,1863    Gettysburg, Pa.                           July 2,3,1863    

Wapping Heights, Va.                       July 23,1863    

Swift Creek, Va.                             May 9,1864    

Drewry’s Bluff, Va.                      May 12-16,1864    

Relay House(or Ft. Stevens), Va.              May 14,1864    

Port Walthall, Va.                         May 26, 1864    

Cold Harbor, Va.                        June 6-11, 1864    

Siege of Petersburg, Va.       June 15 to Aug. 25, 1864    

Mine Explosion, Petersburg, Va.           July 30, 1864    

Bermuda Hundred, Va.                      Nov. 17, 1864    

Richmond, Va., Occupation of               Apr. 3, 1865  


Source: Register of Soldiers & Sailors of New Hampshire, Ayling p. 603



The 12th New Hampshire Infantry was organized in Concord, New Hampshire, and mustered in for a three-year enlistment on September 10, 1862, under the command of Colonel Joseph Haydn Potter.

The regiment was attached to Casey’s Division, Military District of Washington, to December 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, III CorpsArmy of the Potomac, to June 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, III Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July 1863. Marston’s Command, Point Lookout, Maryland, District of St. Mary’s, to April 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII CorpsDepartment of Virginia and North Carolina, to December 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XXIV CorpsDepartment of Virginia, to June 1865.

The 12th New Hampshire Infantry mustered out of service June 21, 1865.

Detailed service



September 27 Left New Hampshire for Washington, D.C.
Until October Duty in the defenses of Washington
October 18 Moved to Point of Rocks, Md.
October 19 Then moved to Pleasant Valley
October 24-November 16 Moved to Warrenton, Va.
November 18–24 Moved to Falmouth
December 12–15 Battle of Fredericksburg
January 20–24 Burnside‘s 2nd Campaign (“Mud March“)
Until April Duty at Falmouth
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1–5 Battle of Chancellorsville
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1–3 Battle of Gettysburg
July 26 Ordered to Point Lookout, Md. with duty there guarding prisoners until April 7, 1864.
April 7 Moved to Yorktown then to Williamsburg
May 4–28 Butler’s operations on south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond
May 9–10 Swift Creek (or Arrowfield Church)
May 12–16 Operations against Fort Darling
May 14–16 Battle of Drewry’s Bluff
May 16–27 Bermuda Hundred
May 27–31 Moved to White House, then to Cold Harbor
June 1–12 Battles about Cold Harbor
June 15–19 Before Petersburg
June 16 to April 2, 1865 Siege of Petersburg and Richmond
July 30, 1864 Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)
August 26 to December Duty on the Bermuda Front
April 1865 In trenches before Richmond
April 3 Occupation of Richmond
Until June Guard and provost duty at Manchester

Service at Gettysburg

On July 2, 1863, the 12th New Hampshire was heavily engaged north of the Klingel Farm, facing attack by Wilcox’s Alabama brigade. The regiment had 224 men on the field that day, of whom 26 were killed and 73 were wounded (an additional six men would die of their wounds). Captain John F. Langley (Company F) was in command, and was wounded when the regiment was ordered to withdraw. Lieutenant William H. H. Fernel (Company I) took command and was able to rescue some 50 Union soldiers who were captured during the withdrawal. The following day, only 50 men were fit for duty under the command of Captain Thomas E. Barker (Company B). Placed near the center of the Union line, they helped repulse Pickett’s charge.



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