Id’d M1860 Colt Army – Geo. L. Carey of the 1rst Conn. Cav.

Id’d M1860 Colt Army – George L. Carey of the 1rst Connecticut Cavalry


Id’d M1860 Colt Army – George L. Carey of the 1rst Connecticut Cavalry – This Army, with all matching serial numbers – 61,323 – exhibits distinct field use and wear. The barrel appears to have been struck with some significant force and has been shortened, most likely by a company gunsmith, during the course of the war. The front sight, also replaced when the barrel was shortened, is now composed of the remnants of a period silver coin. The loading lever was also expertly shortened, during the war. The walnut grips are original and the right grip exhibits the U.S. inspector’s cartouche. The cylinder exhibits distinct wear and no cylinder scene is visible. Colt’s New York address is clearly readable on the top of the barrel. The cylinder indexes well, and the hammer and mainspring work strongly and properly. This example is a three-screw type, with shoulder stock attachment slots in both recoil shields and one at the heel of the iron, grip frame. Although this Colt Army is a typical wartime issue (serial number indicates manufacture in late 1862), of considerable interest and associated rarity, is that the serial number, 61,323, indicates that this specific weapon was issued to Corporal (later Sergeant) George L. Carey of the 1rst Connecticut Cavalry.

The 1st Connecticut Cavalry was organized at West Meriden, Connecticut, on November 2, 1861, initially as the 1st Battalion Connecticut Cavalry under the command of Major Judson M. Lyon. The regiment was attached to Railroad District, Mountain Department, to April 1862. Schenck’s Brigade, Mountain Department, to June 1862. Cavalry Brigade, I Corps, Army of Virginia, to September 1862. Cavalry Brigade, XI Corps, Army of the Potomac, to January 1863. Defenses of Baltimore, Maryland, VIII Corps, Middle Department, to July 1863. Maryland Heights Division, Department of West Virginia, to October 1863. Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, Department of Western Virginia to January 1864. Cavalry Reserve, VIII Corps, defenses of Baltimore to March 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to June 1865. Cavalry Division, XXII Corps Department of Washington to August 1865. The 1st Connecticut Cavalry mustered out of service on August 2, 1865.


Battle of Cross Keys

Second Battle of Bull Run

Overland Campaign

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

Battle of Cold Harbor

Siege of Petersburg

Valley Campaigns of 1864

Battle of Strasburg

Battle of Opequan

Battle of Cedar Creek

Appomattox Campaign

Battle of Five Forks

Battle of Sailor’s Creek


George L. Carey

Residence Canterbury CT; Enlisted on 11/19/1861 as a Private. On 11/19/1861 he mustered into “A” Co. CT 1st Cavalry He was Mustered Out on 11/19/1864; Promotions: Corpl 2/1/1863; Sergt 2/1/1864 (As of Co. A)



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