Id’d Massachusetts 1861 Minutemen or “First Call” Medal
Id’d Massachusetts 1861 Minutemen or “First Call” Medal - This attractive struck bronze medal, 1.5″ in diameter, is inscribed along its rim “Edward C.T. Emery, PRVT. I. 5th. REG.”. The medal is suspended from a pendant reading “Massachusetts Minute Men 1861″; the pendant has a pin and locking hook on the back. The obverse of the medal depicts the seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and the reverse, in cast letters, states: “To the members of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia who were mustered into the United States service in response to President Lincoln’s first call for troops April 15, 1861.” Edward Emery was a resident of Boston who a enlisted on April 19, 1861, as a private. He initially served in “I” Company of the 5th Massachusetts Infantry; he would also serve in Company “A” of the 30th Massachusetts Infantry, after being promoted to the rank of Sergeant, on Nov. 30, 1861. In March of 1863, Emery was commissioned as a 1rst Lieutenant into Co. B of the 75th United States Colored Troops. He resigned from service in January of 1864. The medal is in fine condition and appears to be in its original, early 20th century box of issue, with period tissue paper.
These medals were awarded to the Massachusetts men who were first to respond to President Lincoln’s initial call for troops, in April of 1861. These men joined units that formed as 3-month enlistments in the belief that the rebellion would end quickly. The rim of each medal is stamped with the name of the soldier, his rank and the unit joined in this 3-month enlistment. Many of these soldiers would continue in the army by joining other units, after their 3-month commitment ended, as did Private Emery. The medals were manufactured at the US Mint; they were issued considerably after the end of the Civil War, as the state of Mass. did not authorize them until 1902. Even among veterans who survived the war, few remained in alive to claim their award. Modern research indicates that 3,805 of these medals were struck.
Edward C. T. Emery
|Residence Boston MA; a 21 year-old Printer. Enlisted on 4/19/1861 as a Private. On 5/1/1861 he mustered into “I” Co. MA 5th Infantry. He was Mustered Out on 7/31/1861 at Boston, MA. On 11/30/1861 he mustered into “A” Co. MA 30th Infantry. He was discharged for promotion on 3/28/1863. On 3/28/1863 he was commissioned into “B” Co. US CT 75th Infantry. He Resigned on 1/30/1864.|
Promotions:* Sergt 11/30/1861 (As of Co. A 30th MA Inf); * 1st Lieut 3/28/1863 (As of Co. B 75th USCT Infantry)
FIFTH REGIMENT MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER MILITIA (INFANTRY)
|The 5th Regt. Mass. Vol. Mill, ” Minute Men,” was ordered|
to report for active duty and to proceed to the city of
Washington by Special Order No. 35, issued by the Adjutant
General of Massachusetts, April 19, 1861. To the five companies
of the 5th Regt. were added four from the 7th Regt. and one
from the 1st Regt., thus making up a full regiment of ten
companies. On Sunday, April 21, the 5th entrained for
Washington, where on May 1, its members were mustered into the
service of the United States. For nearly four weeks it
remained in the city of Washington, then on May 25 it was
transferred to the Virginia shore, where it remained in camp
near Alexandria until it marched toward Bull Run, forming a
part of Franklin’s brigade, Heintzelman’s division, of
McDowell’s army. It was one of the three Massachusetts
regiments engaged in the battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861,
where it lost nine killed, two wounded, and twenty-three
prisoners. After this engagement the regiment remained in
Washington until the latter part of the month when it was sent
back to Boston where it was mustered out of the service July
MASSACHUSETTS VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
THREE YEARS (Re-enlisted)
|The 30th Regt. Mass. Vol. Inf. was raised by Genl Butler|
in the fall of 1861 and the early part of the winter
following. It was originally known as the Eastern Bay State
Regiment. It was organized at Camp Chase, Lowell, and its
members were mustered in on various dates from Sept. 15 to the
close of the year. A controversy having arisen between
Governor Andrew and Genl Butler over the latter’s authority to
raise troops in Massachusetts, the regiment left the State
Jan. 13, 1862, under command of Acting Lieut. Col. French.
Remaining at Fort Monroe until Feb. 2, on the 12th it reached
Ship Island in the Gulf of Mexico, where Gen. Butler was
assembling his forces to operate against New Orleans. Nathan
A.M. Dudley was commissioned colonel, Feb. 8, and most of the
other field and staff and line officers were commissioned Feb.
20. It was now officially the 30th Regiment.
After the Mississippi was opened by Farragut’s fleet in
the latter part of April, 1862, the 30th was sent to New
Orleans and thence to Baton Rouge, arriving June 2. It made
several expeditions into the country in pursuit of guerrillas,
then was sent to the front of Vicksburg but returned to Baton
Rouge, July 26. It was now in the 2d Brigade commended by
Gen. Thomas Williams. It participated with loss in the battle
of Baton Rouge, Aug. 5, 1862. During most of the remainder of
the year it was posted at Carrollton near New Orleans.
In the middle of January, 1863, it was again transferred
to Baton Rouge, where it became a part of Dudley’s (3d)
Brigade, Grover’s (1st) Division, Banks’ (19th) Corps. It
was in action at Plains Store May 21, then took active part in
the siege of Port Hudson twice furnishing volunteers for
storming parties. During the last part of the siege it was on
picket at Plains Store.
After the fall of Port Hudson July 9, the 30th marched
through the town, then took boat for Donaldsonville. At
Kock’s Plantation or Bayou La Fourche, July 13, 1863, the
regiment was engaged with severe loss. August was spent at
Baton Rouge. In September the regiment was in the expedition
to Sabine Pass, and later moved from Algiers to Brashear City,
Camp Bisland, New Iberia, Vermillionville, Opelousas, and
beyond. This was known as the Teche region. Leaving
Opelousas Nov. 1, the regiment fell back to New Iberia, where
it went into winter quarters on the 9th. Here it remained
until Jan. 7, 1864, in the meantime 357 members of the
regiment having re-enlisted. FromJan. 9 to Feb. 18 it was at
Franklin. Feb. 19 it reached Algiers, and March 5 the re-
enlisted men left for Massachusetts on veteran furloughs.
These men returned to New Orleans May 16.
From June 12 to July 3 the regiment was on an expedition
up the Mississippi to Morganzia. Returning to New Orleans July
3, it embarked at once for Fort Monroe, Va., arriving July 12,
and being immediately hurried to Washington City, which was
menaced by a Confederate army under Genl Early. Gen. Early
having been repulsed July 12, the 30th joined in the pursuit,
proceeding through Leesburg and Snicker’s Gap to Berryville.
Returning to Washington, it now marched through Maryland to
Harper’s Ferry. Nearthis place it joined Genl. Sheridan’s Army
of the Shenandoah. It participated in the battle of Winchester
Sept. 19, and that of Fisher’s Hill, Sept. 22, suffering little
loss. It joined in the pursuit of the Confederates as far as
Harrisonburg. It was engaged at Cedar Creek Oct. 19, losing
127 men, its largest loss in any one action. Soon after this
battle the regiment received 178 recruits. A little later it
took position about six miles south of Winchester. On Dec. 30
it was sent to guard the crossings of the Opequan east of
Winchester, where it remained until April 1. On the 21st it
entrained for Washington, where it remained until June 1, when
it was sent to Savannah, Ga. During the remainder of the year
1865 it was posted at Georgetown, Florence, Sumpter, and other
places in South Carolina doing provost duty. This work
continued until the middle of the year 1866, when on July 5 the
regiment was mustered out at Charleston, S. C., the Last
Massachusetts regiment to leave the service.
Seventy-fifth U. S. Colored Troops
CORPS DE AFRIQUE.-UNITED STATES COLORED VOLUNTEERS.
3rd REGIMENT INFANTRY.
Organized June 6, 1863, from 3rd Louisiana Native Guard Infantry. Attached to 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to July, 1863. Port Hudson, La., to September, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Corps de Afrique, Dept. of the Gulf, to April, 1864.
Assault on Port Hudson, La., June 14, 1863. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Duty at Port Hudson till April, 1864. Skirmish at Jackson August 3, 1863. Designation of Regiment changed to 75th United States Colored Troops April 4, 1864.
Organized April 4, 1864, from 3rd Corps de Afrique Infantry. Attached to 1st Brigade,
1st Division, Corps de Afrique, Dept. of the Gulf, to February, 1865. District of
LaFourche, Dept. of the Gulf, to November, 1865.
SERVICE.—Red River Campaign March 10-May 22, 1864. Advance from Franklin to
Alexandria, La., March 14-26. Retreat from Alexandria to Morganza May 13-20. Mansura
May 16. Near Moreauville May 17. Yellow Bayou May 18. Duty at Morganza till February, 1865.
Ordered to Terre Bonne February 26. Duty there and in the District of LaFourche till
November, 1865. Expedition to Lake Verret, Grand Lake and the Park April 2-10, 1865.
Operations about Brashear City April 30-May 12. Mustered out November 25, 1865.