Id’d U.S. M1840 Light Artillery Saber



Id’d U.S. M1840 Light Artillery Saber -This U.S. Model 1840 Light Artillery Saber has an unmarked blade that measures 32 1/2inches in length and remains in good condition. The brass guard remains nice and has developed a pleasing, overall patina. The leather wrapped hilt is present with only a very small segment of its original twisted wire still in place. The scabbard remains in serviceable condition and does have some dings and measures 39 1/2 inches in length. The sword does have a GAR identification tag, glued and shellacked (long ago) to the scabbard; in addition, the letters “GAR” and the date “1906”, appear, also under a coat of very old shellac, on the scabbard. The names on the identification tag are: “John C. Breckenridge” and “George E. Jones” – Breckenridge served in the 8th Wisconsin Light Artillery. It appears that the sword was donated to a local GAR post, then painted, tagged and shellacked, for display. Although the blade is unmarked, there is an apparent rack number of “16” on the guard’s quillon and the number “99” on the pommel. Most of the leather washer remains at the blade’s entry point into the hilt. This is the first Id’d Civil War light artillery saber we have offered.

John C. Breckenridge

Residence La Crosse WI; Enlisted on 8/9/1864 as a Private.  On 8/9/1864 he mustered into WI 8th Light Artillery  He was Mustered Out on 5/27/1865

8th WI Light Artillery Battery
( 3-years )

Organized: Camp Utley, Racine, WI on 1/8/62
Mustered Out: 8/10/65 at Madison, WIOfficers Killed or Mortally Wounded: 1
Officers Died of Disease, Accidents, etc.: 0
Enlisted Men Killed or Mortally Wounded: 1
Enlisted Men Died of Disease, Accidents, etc.: 26
(Source: Fox, Regimental Losses)









Apr ’62 Jun ’62 Department of Kansas
Jun ’62 Aug ’62 Artillery 4 Army of the Mississippi
Aug ’62 Sep ’62 Artillery 2 Army of the Mississippi
Sep ’62 Sep ’62 32 9 Army of Ohio
Sep ’62 Nov ’62 32 9 3 Army of Ohio
Nov ’62 Jan ’63 Artillery 1 Right Wing, 14 Army of Cumberland
Jan ’63 Oct ’63 Artillery 1 20 Dept and Army of Ohio and Cumberland
Oct ’63 Mar ’64 Artillery Reserve 2 Military Division of the Mississippi
Apr ’64 Aug ’64 Unattached Post Murfreesboro District Nashville Military Division of the Mississippi
Jul ’64 Mar ’65 1 Defenses Nashville & Chatt. RR District Nashville Military Division of the Mississippi
Mar ’65 Jul ’65 1 1st Sub District District Middle TN Department of Cumberland Mustered Out

 Eighth Light Battery

 Eighth Light Battery. — Capts., Stephen J. Carpenter, Henry  E. Stiles, First Lieuts., James E. Armstrong, George L. Cross,  Obadiah German, Henry E. Stiles, John D. McLean, Thomas B.  McNair, Second Lieuts., John D. McLean, Henry L. Wheeler, Azro  Mann, Samuel S. Armstrong, Thomas B. McNair, William O’D  Reilly.  This battery, known as “Lyon’s Pinery Battery,” was organized  in the fall of 1861 at Stevens Point.  It rendezvoused at Camp  Utley, Racine, was mustered in Jan. 8, 1862, and left the  state March 18 for St. Louis.  On April 4 it proceeded to Fort Leavenworth to join the  Southwestern expedition.  At Fort Riley it was ordered to  Columbus, Ky., and thence to Humboldt, Tenn., for guard duty.   In July it was ordered to Mississippi and reached Corinth on  the 8th.  It was next transferred to the army of the Tennessee, and two  sections were sent to Nashville, the center section under  Lieut. McLean being left at Eastport, Miss.  The other two  sections were in the battle of Perryville, afterward joining  in the pursuit of the enemy and shelling him from his position  at Lancaster.  They then returned to Nashville.  The center section left Eastport for Iuka, but did not reach  there in time for the battle.  At Corinth it did excellent  work and was ranked with those who greatly distinguished  themselves.  It joined the right and left sections at  Nashville and at Stone’s River the battery performed honorable  service.  It encamped at Murfreesboro during the winter and spring of  1863, and was in action at Chickamauga.  It was also in action  at Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, and was ordered to  Nashville in December, where it was assigned to the 2nd  division, artillery reserve.  The veterans were re-mustered, Jan. 26, 1864, and given a  furlough.  They rejoined the battery at Murfreesboro in April,  and it was assigned to Fort Rosecrans for garrison duty.  It was mustered out at Milwaukee, Aug. 10, 1865.  Its original  strength was 161.  Gain by recruits, 102; reenlistments 66;  total, 329;  Loss by death, 25; missing, 1; desertion, 13;  transfer 14; discharge, 53; mustered out, 223.