Rare Original Civil War Period Barrel with Period Label Id’d to Confederate Soldier
Rare Original Civil War Period Barrel with Period Label Id’d to Confederate Soldier – This is a first for us – we have not encountered an original Civil War period barrel before. This barrel, constructed of a multiple of staves, lashed together by two sapling bands, exhibits mid-19th century, cut nails and construction techniques. One of the original barrel lids remains and retains these black painted markings:
B,G & Co.
The original, paper label is affixed to the lid, as well, and reads:
? ? RR
Printed below pencil inscription:
Brown, Graves & Co.
84 South Street
The barrel is in excellent condition and would make a superb and unique display item. The barrel measures as follows: Height – 28”; Diameter of lid area – 18”.
|BIRTH||22 Sep 1843|
|DEATH||11 Oct 1907 (aged 64)|
|BURIAL||Grace Episcopal Church CemeteryCasanova, Fauquier County, Virginia, USA|
His father was Miles Taylor, an attorney and U.S. Congressman before the war. Thomas served with the Eighth Louisiana Infantry in the Confederate States Army. He fought with his company in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862. He was severely wounded at the Battle of Sharpsburg. Retrieved from the battlefield the enemy, he was made a prisoner of war despite his crippling wounds. Upon exchange he was admitted to a hospital in Petersburg, never able to rejoin his unit. The jacket he wore at Sharpsburg is at the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond.
|Residence was not listed; Enlisted as a Corporal (date unknown). He also had service in: “K” Co. LA 8th Infantry
8th LA Infantry
(c. 1841 – ?)
Home State: Louisiana
Branch of Service: Infantry
Unit: 8th Louisiana Infantry
A 20 year old farmer in Assumption Parish, he enlisted as Corporal, Company K, 8th Louisiana Infantry on 19 June 1861 at Camp Moore, LA. He was promoted Sergeant, date not given.
On the Campaign
He was severely wounded by gunshot to the knee in action at Sharpsburg on 17 September 1862 and captured on the field.
The rest of the War
He was treated at a field hospital near Sharpsburg and sent to US Army General Hospital #4 in Frederick, MD on 28 September. From there he was transferred to a hospital in Saratoga, NY, date not given. He was “dropped from the list of Sergeants” on 1 April 1863 and exchanged at City Point, VA on 23 May. He was absent on furlough in Watumpka, AL to August 1863, then detailed to work at the CS Treasury Department in Montgomery, AL, still only able to walk with crutches. He was paroled in Montgomery on 15 May 1865.
References & notes
His father was Miles Taylor (1805-1873), US Congressman from Louisiana from 1855-1861. Coincidentally, Miles was both born and died in Saratoga Springs, NY.
There’s a lovely full standing half-plate ambrotype of him in the collection [catalog] of the Virginia Museum of History and Culture, Richmond.
|Eliza Ann Bruden|
|United States of America|
|The son of a prominent Louisiana politician, Thomas Taylor enlisted as a private in Company F, 8th Louisiana Infantry Regiment which served in the Army of Northern Virginia throughout the war. He fought with his company in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign in 1862, the Second Battle of Manassas and he was severely wounded on 17 September 1862 at the Battle of Sharpsburg, Maryland. He survived the wound and the war.|
|Annie Laurence / Lawrason|
|Elizabeth Taylor Renosf|
|18 Jun 1880|
|District 48, Fauquier, Virginia, USA|
THOMAS TAYOR AT SHARPSBURG
Thomas Taylor was 21 years of age when he enlisted in the Phoenix Guard, Company K, 8th Louisiana Infantry. Thomas was born in Assumption Parish Louisiana. His father Miles Taylor was an attorney and U.S. Congressman until the war began. On Thomas’ enlistment papers, he gave his occupation as a farmer, suggesting he lived and worked at the family homestead.
By the end of 1861 Thomas had been promoted to the rank of Sergeant. He served with his unit throughout the spring and summer campaigns of ‘62 until he his regiment was sent to Maryland. At sunrise on the morning of September 17th, Thomas was in the ranks of the 8th Louisiana when General. Hays was ordered to move his brigade from its reserve position at the West Woods to farmer Miller’s open field to support Lawton’s brigade. Here Thomas waited orders to advance towards the distant Cornfield where the fighting had already begun.
As the two brigades approached the Cornfield, they could see dimly visible through the smoke an equally long line of blue. Enemy rifle fire intensified until the pop of individual weapons soon became a deafening roar. Soldiers to his immediate right and left dropped with increasing rapidity. The slaughter was horrendous as Hays’ brigade reached the Cornfield. They were able to force the Yankees to retreat. Men loaded and fired as fast as they could – the enemy only yards away.
Union forces fell back through the Cornfield. Then fresh Northern troops made a devastating counterattack. Ammunition was running low and casualties were staggering, but the Louisianans hung on until an order to fall back was passed through the ranks. Other Confederate brigades waiting to go in ended the brief participation of Hays’ Louisiana brigade at Sharpsburg. The 8th Louisiana had been engaged in direct contact for only 20 minutes. In that brief time, more than one half of its men were killed or wounded. Thomas was one of them.
For Thomas Taylor those minutes in the open ground just south of the Cornfield began a painful ordeal that did not end with the battle. His leg was bleeding from an ugly wound at the knee joint. He was among the thousands of wounded men who fell between the lines at Sharpsburg. These men did not receive help until the next day. Those hours men lay in the heat of the sun were filled with physical and mental torture. Excruciating pain of wounds only intensified as the hours passed. And then there was a maddening unquenchable thirst. Too many wounded and too few stretcher bearers, who dared to venture into the no man’s land between the lines, left the wounded in great danger of being hit again.
After the battle, Thomas was picked up by the enemy stretcher bearers and brought to a field hospital in the rear. On September 28, 1862, he was transported as a prisoner to a hospital at Fredericks, Maryland. From there he was later transferred to Saratoga, New York. Months later, he was shipped to City Point, Virginia where on May 23rd he was exchanged and admitted to a Confederate hospital in Petersburg Virginia. His wounds were crippling and he was never able to rejoin his unit.
Thomas Taylor story comes to an end until many decades after the war, a woman named Mary May of New Orleans donated some of Thomas’ personal belongings to the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond Virginia. Included is the jacket he is believed to have worn at Sharpsburg.
Source: “Antietam – The Photographic Legacy of America’s Bloodiest Day” by William A. Frassanito, Pages 116 – 121.