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Rare Original Civil War Period Barrel with Period Label Id’d to Confederate Soldier

SOLD

Rare Original Civil War Period Barrel with Period Label Id’d to Confederate Soldier – This is a first for us – we have not encountered an original Civil War period barrel before. This barrel, constructed of a multiple of staves, lashed together by two sapling bands, exhibits mid-19th century, cut nails and construction techniques. One of the original barrel lids remains and retains these black painted markings:

 

T

?

B,G & Co.

Baltimore

The original, paper label is affixed to the lid, as well, and reads:

In pencil:

Thos Taylor

Casanova, Va

? ? RR

 

Printed below pencil inscription:

FROM

Brown, Graves & Co.

COMMISSION MERCHANTS

84 South Street

BALTIMORE.

The barrel is in excellent condition and would make a superb and unique display item. The barrel measures as follows: Height – 28”; Diameter of lid area – 18”.

Thomas Taylor

BIRTH 22 Sep 1843
DEATH 11 Oct 1907 (aged 64)
BURIAL Grace Episcopal Church CemeteryCasanova, Fauquier County, Virginia, USA

His father was Miles Taylor, an attorney and U.S. Congressman before the war. Thomas served with the Eighth Louisiana Infantry in the Confederate States Army. He fought with his company in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862. He was severely wounded at the Battle of Sharpsburg. Retrieved from the battlefield the enemy, he was made a prisoner of war despite his crippling wounds. Upon exchange he was admitted to a hospital in Petersburg, never able to rejoin his unit. The jacket he wore at Sharpsburg is at the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond.

 

 

Thomas Taylor

 

Residence was not listed; Enlisted as a Corporal (date unknown).     He also had service in: “K” Co. LA 8th Infantry

8th LA Infantry

Organized: Camp Moore, LA on 6/15/61
Mustered Out: 4/9/65 at Appomattox Court House

 

From

To

Brigade

Division

Corps

Army

Comment

Jul ’61 Jul ’61 Unattached 1st Army of Potomac
Jul ’61 Oct ’61 W.H.T. Walker’s/Taylor’s 1st Army of Potomac
Oct ’61 Nov ’61 1st Louisiana 1st Dept of Northern Virginia Potomac District
Nov ’61 Feb ’62 1st Louisiana E.K. Smith’s 1st Army of Northern Virginia
Feb ’62 May ’62 1st Louisiana E.K. Smith’s/Ewell’s Dept of Northern Virginia
May ’62 Jun ’62 1st Louisiana Ewell’s Valley District Dept of Northern Virginia
Jun ’62 May ’64 1st Louisiana Ewell’s/Early’s 2nd Army of Northern Virginia
May ’64 Jun ’64 Consolidated Louisiana Early’s/Gordon’s 2nd Army of Northern Virginia
Jun ’64 Dec ’64 Consolidated Louisiana Gordon’s Valley District Dept of Northern Virginia
Dec ’64 Apr ’65 Consolidated Louisiana Gordon’s 2nd Army of Northern Virginia

 

 

 

T. Taylor

Confederate (CSV)

Sergeant

Thomas Taylor

(c. 1841 – ?)

Home State: Louisiana

Branch of Service: Infantry

Unit: 8th Louisiana Infantry

Before Sharpsburg

A 20 year old farmer in Assumption Parish, he enlisted as Corporal, Company K, 8th Louisiana Infantry on 19 June 1861 at Camp Moore, LA. He was promoted Sergeant, date not given.

 

On the Campaign

He was severely wounded by gunshot to the knee in action at Sharpsburg on 17 September 1862 and captured on the field.

 

The rest of the War

He was treated at a field hospital near Sharpsburg and sent to US Army General Hospital #4 in Frederick, MD on 28 September. From there he was transferred to a hospital in Saratoga, NY, date not given. He was “dropped from the list of Sergeants” on 1 April 1863 and exchanged at City Point, VA on 23 May. He was absent on furlough in Watumpka, AL to August 1863, then detailed to work at the CS Treasury Department in Montgomery, AL, still only able to walk with crutches. He was paroled in Montgomery on 15 May 1865.

 

References & notes

Service from Booth.1 Wound and hospital details from the Patient List.2 His picture from a photograph from Bill Frassanito.3

His father was Miles Taylor (1805-1873), US Congressman from Louisiana from 1855-1861. Coincidentally, Miles was both born and died in Saratoga Springs, NY.

 

There’s a lovely full standing half-plate ambrotype of him in the collection [catalog] of the Virginia Museum of History and Culture, Richmond.

 

Name Taylor, Thomas
Born ca. 1841
Birthplace Assumption Parish, Louisiana
Places of residence Assumption Parish, Louisiana
“Front Scattery” Plantation
Belle-Alliance, Louisiana

 

 

 

 

 

 

Miles Taylor
Eliza Ann Bruden
United States of America
The son of a prominent Louisiana politician, Thomas Taylor enlisted as a private in Company F, 8th Louisiana Infantry Regiment which served in the Army of Northern Virginia throughout the war. He fought with his company in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign in 1862, the Second Battle of Manassas and he was severely wounded on 17 September 1862 at the Battle of Sharpsburg, Maryland. He survived the wound and the war.
lawyer
Military
Annie Laurence / Lawrason
Elizabeth Taylor Renosf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Taylor

 in the U.S., Selected Federal Census Non-Population Schedules, 1850-1880

 

Name:

Thomas Taylor

Enumeration Date:

18 Jun 1880

Place:

District 48, Fauquier, Virginia, USA

Schedule Type:

Agriculture

 

Family Members

Parents

 

 

Miles Taylor

 

1805–1873

Eliza Ann Breeden Taylor

 

1819–1850

Spouse

 

 

Annie Lawrason Taylor

 

1844–1907

Siblings

Searing Taylor

 

1846–1891

 

 

THOMAS TAYOR AT SHARPSBURG

Thomas Taylor was 21 years of age when he enlisted in the Phoenix Guard, Company K, 8th Louisiana Infantry. Thomas was born in Assumption Parish Louisiana. His father Miles Taylor was an attorney and U.S. Congressman until the war began. On Thomas’ enlistment papers, he gave his occupation as a farmer, suggesting he lived and worked at the family homestead.

By the end of 1861 Thomas had been promoted to the rank of Sergeant. He served with his unit throughout the spring and summer campaigns of ‘62 until he his regiment was sent to Maryland. At sunrise on the morning of September 17th, Thomas was in the ranks of the 8th Louisiana when General. Hays was ordered to move his brigade from its reserve position at the West Woods to farmer Miller’s open field to support Lawton’s brigade. Here Thomas waited orders to advance towards the distant Cornfield where the fighting had already begun.

As the two brigades approached the Cornfield, they could see dimly visible through the smoke an equally long line of blue. Enemy rifle fire intensified until the pop of individual weapons soon became a deafening roar. Soldiers to his immediate right and left dropped with increasing rapidity. The slaughter was horrendous as Hays’ brigade reached the Cornfield. They were able to force the Yankees to retreat. Men loaded and fired as fast as they could – the enemy only yards away.

Union forces fell back through the Cornfield. Then fresh Northern troops made a devastating counterattack. Ammunition was running low and casualties were staggering, but the Louisianans hung on until an order to fall back was passed through the ranks. Other Confederate brigades waiting to go in ended the brief participation of Hays’ Louisiana brigade at Sharpsburg. The 8th Louisiana had been engaged in direct contact for only 20 minutes. In that brief time, more than one half of its men were killed or wounded. Thomas was one of them.

For Thomas Taylor those minutes in the open ground just south of the Cornfield began a painful ordeal that did not end with the battle. His leg was bleeding from an ugly wound at the knee joint. He was among the thousands of wounded men who fell between the lines at Sharpsburg. These men did not receive help until the next day. Those hours men lay in the heat of the sun were filled with physical and mental torture. Excruciating pain of wounds only intensified as the hours passed. And then there was a maddening unquenchable thirst. Too many wounded and too few stretcher bearers, who dared to venture into the no man’s land between the lines, left the wounded in great danger of being hit again.

After the battle, Thomas was picked up by the enemy stretcher bearers and brought to a field hospital in the rear. On September 28, 1862, he was transported as a prisoner to a hospital at Fredericks, Maryland. From there he was later transferred to Saratoga, New York. Months later, he was shipped to City Point, Virginia where on May 23rd he was exchanged and admitted to a Confederate hospital in Petersburg Virginia. His wounds were crippling and he was never able to rejoin his unit.

Thomas Taylor story comes to an end until many decades after the war, a woman named Mary May of New Orleans donated some of Thomas’ personal belongings to the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond Virginia. Included is the jacket he is believed to have worn at Sharpsburg.

Source: “Antietam – The Photographic Legacy of America’s Bloodiest Day” by William A. Frassanito, Pages 116 – 121.