Albumen of Assistant Surgeon Thomas G. Rowand 24th New Jersey Infantry

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Albumen of Assistant Surgeon Thomas G. Rowand 24th New Jersey Infantry – This is a striking albumen of Thomas G. Rowand who would become an assistant surgeon with the 24th New Jersey Infantry during the early part of the Civil War. Although the regiment was a nine-month unit, enlisting its members in late August and early September of 1862, it saw heavy combat at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, sustaining significant losses. Roward survived his short service, mustering out with his regiment in late June, 1863. These early New Jersey regiments, in response to a rising need of troops, at the onset of the war, were recruited out of state militia units. Dr. Rowand was commissioned as Quartermaster of the Camden, NJ Militia Brigade, by New Jersey Governor William A. Newell, in 1857. This image of Rowand was probably taken in his late 1850s, militia uniform, as he is seated next to an M1851 shako that displays what is either staff “US” or medical “MS” inside the wreath on the front of the shako. Rowand’s frock coat is double-breasted, with dress epaulettes on each shoulder. Additionally, Rowand is cradling an officer’s M1840 Light Artillery saber -all of these elements are indicative of this image having been taken some time prior to his entry into the 24th NJ Infantry when he was an officer in a local militia unit. Dr. Rowand’s sword belt exhibits what may be a M1851 officer’s belt plate, but its face is undiscernible. During the Civil War, Rowand is mentioned in John Y. Foster’s “New Jersey in the Rebellion“:

Among the most indefatigable in looking after and administering to the wants of the sick

wounded of the regiment, after the battle of Fredericksburg, was our faithful Chaplin, Reverend

William C. Stockton. Nor can too much commendation be awarded to our Surgeon, Dr. W.L. Newell

and his assistants, Dres. Williams and Rowand …”

After the Battle of Chancellorsville, in May, 1863, Dr. Rowand was detailed as one of the surgeons to the 3rd Division, 2nd Corps Hospital, Potomac Creek; he would remain in this position until he mustered out with his regiment, in June, 1863.

When we obtained the image, it was framed in a period frame, with a pasteboard backing; upon removing this backing, we discovered a period, penciled note that reads as follows:

Thomas Garwood Rowand MD

born Aug. 27, 1829.

Surgeon of the 24th

                                                                                                                      J. Volunteers

In addition, also written in period pencil, on the backing behind the image is:

Thomas Garwood

Beneath the image, on the front mounting, is a pencil signature; the last name is Gilbert. This latter signature may be that of the photographer. The image remains attached to an additional, smaller, period backing; it was trimmed to an oval shape. This albumen remains in excellent condition.

Measurements: Height – 5”; Width (at widest point in the image) – 3.5”

Thomas G. Rowand

Residence was not listed; a 35 year-old Physician.

Enlisted on 9/16/1862 as a Asst Surgeon.

On 9/16/1862 he was commissioned into Field & Staff NJ 24th Infantry

He was Mustered Out on 6/29/1863 at Beverly, NJ

He was described at enlistment as:

5′ 6.0″, light complexion, light eyes, light hair

Other Information:

born in Gloucester County, NJ


NAME: Thomas G Rowand
ENLISTMENT RANK: Assistant Surgeon
MUSTER DATE: 16 Sep 1862
MUSTER REGIMENT: 24th Infantry
MUSTER OUT DATE: 29 Jun 1863
MUSTER OUT PLACE: Beverly, New Jersey


NAME: Thomas G. Rowand
SIDE: Union
REGIMENT: 24th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry
RANK IN: Second Assistant Surgeon
RANK OUT: Second Assistant Surgeon


NAME: Thomas G Rowand
UNIT: Art Surg 24 Ny Inf
SPOUSE: Mary G Rowand

24th NJ Infantry
( 9-mos )

Organized: Beverly, NJ on 9/13/62
Mustered Out: 6/29/63 at Beverly, NJOfficers Killed or Mortally Wounded: 3
Officers Died of Disease, Accidents, etc.: 0
Enlisted Men Killed or Mortally Wounded: 46
Enlisted Men Died of Disease, Accidents, etc.: 53
(Source: Fox, Regimental Losses)


From To Brigade Division Corps Army Comment
Sep ’62 Oct ’62 Infantry Military District of Washington
Oct ’62 Dec ’62 Provisional Casey’s Military District of Washington
Dec ’62 Jun ’63 1 3 2 Army of Potomac Mustered Out


24th Regiment, New Jersey Infantry


Organized at Camp Cadwallader, Beverly, N. J., and mustered in September 16, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 30, 1862. Attached to District of Washington October, 1862. Provisional Brigade, Casey’s Division, Defences of Washington, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863.


At Camp Ingham on East Capital Hill till October 14. At Camp Nixon near Chain Bridge till October 18. Picketing Leesburg Road and fatigue duty at Forts Ethan Allen and Marcy till October 25. At Camp Cumberland till December 1. March to Falmouth, Va., December 1-9. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. At Camp Knight till January, 1863. At Camp Robertson till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Mustered out at Beverly, N. J., June 29, 1863.

Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 46 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 53 Enlisted men by disease. Total 102.

(Nine Months)

   Twenty-fourth Infantry.–Col., William B. Robertson;

Lieut.-Col., Franklin L. Knight; Maj., Joel A. Fithian.  This

regiment was mustered into the U. S. service at Camp

Cadwalader, Beverly, Sept. 16, 1862.  Four companies of the

regiment, B, F, G and H, were from the county of Cumberland;

three, A, C and K, from Salem; one, E, and parts of D and I,

from Gloucester; and the remaining men of the two latter

companies were from Camden.  Of the members of Co. B, about an

equal number were enlisted from the city and townships of

Millville and Maurice River.  Of Co. F the city of Bridgeton

furnished about 30, the township of Greenwich 15, while the

remainder, with the exception of 1 man from Deerfield, were

equally divided between Hopewell and Doune.  Of Co. G, not less

than 20 were from Bridgeton, 30 from Deerfield, 10 from Stoe

Creek, and the rest hailed from Doune.  Co. H, officered

exclusively by Bridgeton men, comprised about 75 from the city

of Bridgeton, while the remainder were from Hopewell, Deerfield

and Stoe Creek.  In Cos. A and C, there were a large number of

men from the city of Salem, though the surrounding townships

were nearly all represented in them, and also in Co. K.  Co. E

comprised men principally from Woodbury, Paulsboro’, and the

upper townships of Gloucester.  Co. D had men from Camden,

Gloucester City, and Classboro, and Co. I, mainly from Clayton

township, Gloucester county, and several of the townships of

Camden county.  On Sept. 28, the regiment was equipped with

Belgian rifles and other necessary accouterments for service,

and on Tuesday, the 30th, broke camp and departed for

Washington, going by steamer to Philadelphia and thence by

rail.  It was brigaded with the 28th N. J. and 128th Pa.

regiments, under the colonel of the former, acting Brig.-Gen.

Abercrombie having command of the division, which occupied the

extreme right of the brigade on the Leesburg road.  It was

afterward permanently brigaded with the 4th and 8th Ohio, 14th

Ind., 7th Va., and 28th N. J. regiments under the charge of

Brig.-Gen. Kimball, in French’s division, Couch’s corps.  It

participated in the fighting at Fredericksburg, and the loss of

the regiment, which behaved admirably throughout, was severe,

amounting in all to 160.  Sergt. Henry S. Spaulding, Co. B,

afterward promoted to the 2nd lieutenantcy of Co. I, received a

musket ball in his shoulder; Capt. Aaron Ward, Co. D, a ball

through his left lung; 2nd Lieut. George D. Brittain, Co. D,

and Capt. Samuel Harris, Co. F, were shocked by explosions of

shells; 2nd Lieut. William Pepper, Co. F, was wounded in leg

and head; Sergt. H. R. Pierson, Co. G, afterward promoted to

2nd lieutenant, Co. F, was wounded in the side; Sergt. John

Springer, Co. B, afterward 2nd lieutenant of Co. B, was wounded

in the hip; 2nd Lieut. James J. Reeves, Co. H, was wounded in

the left arm above the elbow; and Capt William C. Shinn, Co. I,

was wounded in the right eye, the sight of which was lost.  The

regiment also participated in the battle of Chancellorsville,

where the loss in killed and wounded in the regiment was

comparatively small, not exceeding 40 all told.  The withdrawal

of the army having been determined upon, the 24th, with the

rest of the brigade, made its way back to the United States

ford, where it crossed on the 6th and proceeded to its old

camp, where it continued to do picket-duty until ordered to

Washington.  Proceeding thence in due time to Beverly, the

regiment was mustered out and the men as they were paid off

returned to their homes.  The total strength of the regiment

was 994, and it lost during service, by resignation 5, by

discharge 108, by promotion 8, by transfer 1, by death 92, by

desertion 8, not accounted for 1, mustered out, 771.


Vol. 3, No. 4 (January – February 1982), pp. 16-23 (8 pages) Published By: Ronald S. Coddington

24th New Jersey

United States Regiments & Batteries > New Jersey

The 24th New Jersey Infantry Regiment lost 3 officers and 46 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 53 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

Organized at Camp Cadwallader, Beverly, N.J.
September 16 Mustered in under Colonel William B. Robertson
September 30 Left State for Washington, D.C. Attached to District of Washington at Camp Ingham on East Capital Hill
October 14 At Camp Nixon near Chain Bridge attached to Provisional Brigade, Casey’s Division, Defenses of Washington
October 18 Picketing Leesburg Road and fatigue duty at Forts Ethan Allen and Marcy
October 25 At Camp Cumberland
December 1-9 March to Falmouth, Va. attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
December- At Camp Knight
January At Camp Robertson
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 29 Mustered out at Beverly, N.J.