Id’d Confederate 1st National Flag – Made for Private Thomas J. Young Co. C 56th Virginia Infantry



Id’d Confederate 1st National Flag – Made for Private Thomas J. Young Co. C 56th Virginia Infantry – This flag initially appeared at an estate sale in Louisa, Virginia, several years ago. The family descendants selling the flag reported that it was made by a Louisa County mother, to give to her son when he enlisted in the Confederate Army, in 1861. Stenciled on the hoist of the flag is the name “T. YOUNG” – extensive research indicates that this was not the name of the manufacturer of the flag, but that of Thomas Jackson Young of Louisa County, Virginia. Young enlisted, as a private, on July 9, 1861, in Co. C of the 56th Virginia Infantry. He would remain with his regiment, sustaining a wound at 2nd Manassas (“minnie ball in calf of leg”), until he was paroled, on May 25, 1865, in Ashland, Va.

This flag has been thoroughly analyzed and examined by noted flag expert, Greg Biggs – his report will accompany the flag. In summary, Mr. Biggs states that the flag, constructed of a semi-satin twill, is, in his opinion “… dates from the Civil War era. The flag has been forensically examined by someone with experience in mid-19th Century flags, as well as sewing techniques and found to be of the Civil War era, in terms of cloth and threads. Thus, based on this evidence and how the flag is constructed, I believe that my opinion is sound.” (Greg Biggs, Military Historian, Clarksville, TN)

The flag, which is completely hand sewn, remains in excellent condition, retaining strong color and fabric integrity; there are several minor stress pulls in various areas. The canton displays eight, hand-cut, cotton stars, hand sewn to the blue field; the eight-star configuration is indicative of the flag having been created just subsequent to the State of Virginia becoming the eighth state to secede from the Union, on April 17, 1861. Rectangular in shape, the flag measures as follows: Hoist – 32.75”; Fly – 58”. The hoist has three, hand-whipped grommets and is constructed of a homespun, linen twill. Along the bottom edge of the hoist, on one side of the flag, just above the grommet, is inked the name: “T. YOUNG”.

These early, First National Flags are uncommon to find in such fine condition; to find one that is identified to a specific soldier in a Virginia regiment, is exceedingly rare.

Flags of the Confederacy


Greg Biggs, Text Editor.

Greg, an amateur military historian for over 30 years, first became interested in the study of Confederate flags about 10 years ago, Since then, he has piled on the miles researching Confederate flags all over the country in museums, archives, libraries and other places, to find out as much as possible for at least two books he has planned on the topic (mainly on Georgia and Alabama flags). Greg was also an Associate Editor for Blue & Gray Magazine for a few years and has written articles both for that magazine and Civil War Regiments. He also has given numerous lectures on various aspects of the war to Civil War conferences from California to Ohio as well as to over 30 Civil War roundtables throughout the country. Besides Confederate flags, Greg has a growing interest in the flags of the Napoleonic Wars as well as many other aspects of warfare through the ages from ancient Sparta to Desert Storm.

Historian Greg Biggs explains the various types of flags used by both sides during the Civil War. This video is part of the Civil War Trust’s In4 video series, which presents short videos on basic Civil War topics. Civil War Trust

Thomas Jackson Young

Residence was not listed;

Enlisted on 7/9/1861 at Louisa, VA as a Private.

On 7/9/1861 he mustered into “C” Co. VA 56th Infantry

(date and method of discharge not given)

He was listed as:

* Sick, furlough 7/9/1861 (place not stated)

* Wounded 8/30/1862 2nd Manassas, VA (Minnie ball in calf of leg)

* On rolls 12/31/1863 (place not stated) (Present)

* On rolls 8/31/1864 (place not stated) (Present)

* Paroled 5/25/1865 Ashland, VA

Other Information:

born in 1843

died in 1900 in Mineral, Louisa County, VA

Buried: Mineral Baptist Church Cemetery, Mineral, VA


Miner after the war.

Married Mary Catherine Holliday of Spotsylvania County, VA

Applied for pension Apr 14, 1890 age 49 living in Mineral, Louisa

County, VA.  Pension dissalowed.

Reapplied for pension Sep 12, 1892, disabled by paralysis of right

leg; $15.00 approved.


Name: Thomas Jackson Young
Enlistment Age: 18
Birth Date: 1843
Enlistment Date: 9 Jul 1861
Enlistment Place: Louisa, Virginia
Enlistment Rank: Private
Muster Date: 9 Jul 1861
Muster Place: Virginia
Muster Company: C
Muster Regiment: 56th Infantry
Muster Regiment Type: Infantry
Muster Information: Enlisted
Casualty Date: 30 Aug 1862
Casualty Place: 2nd Manassas, Virginia
Type of Casualty: Wounded
Casualty Information: Minnie ball in calf of leg
Side of War: Confederacy
Survived War?: Yes
Death Date: Apr 1900
Death Place: Mineral, Louisa County, Virginia
Burial Place: Mineral, Virginia
Cemetery: Mineral Baptist Church Cemetery
Occupation: Farmer

56th VA Infantry

Organized: on 9/23/61
Mustered Out: 4/9/65 at Appomattox Court House


From To Brigade Division Corps Army Comment
Jan ’62 Feb ’62 Wharton’s Floyd’s Central Army of Kentucky
Jun ’62 Jun ’62 Pickett’s Longstreet’s Army of Northern Virginia
Jun ’62 Aug ’62 Pickett’s Longstreet’s 1st Army of Northern Virginia
Aug ’62 Sep ’62 Pickett’s Kemper’s 1st Army of Northern Virginia
Sep ’62 Sep ’62 Pickett’s D.R. Jones’ 1st Army of Northern Virginia
Sep ’62 Feb ’63 Pickett’s/Garnett’s Pickett’s 1st Army of Northern Virginia
Feb ’63 Apr ’63 Garnett’s Pickett’s Dept of Virginia and North Carolina
Apr ’63 May ’63 Garnett’s Pickett’s Dept of Southern Virginia
May ’63 Sep ’63 Garnett’s/Hunton’s Pickett’s 1st Army of Northern Virginia
Sep ’63 May ’64 Hunton’s Dept of Richmond
May ’64 Apr ’65 Hunton’s Pickett’s 1st Army of Northern Virginia

Thomas Young

in the 1850 United States Federal Census


Name Thomas Young
Gender Male
Race White
Age 7
Birth Year abt 1843
Birthplace Virginia
Home in 1850 Louisa, Virginia, USA
Line Number 39
Dwelling Number 709
Family Number 709
Inferred Mother Nancy Young
Household Members (Name) Age
Nancy Young 60
Lucinda Young 27
Thomas Young 7

 Thomas J Young

in the 1870 United States Federal Census


Name Thomas J Young
Age in 1870 27
Birth Date abt 1843
Birthplace Virginia
Dwelling Number 742
Home in 1870 Northern District, Louisa, Virginia
Race White
Gender Male
Post Office Fredericks Hall
Occupation Engineer
Male Citizen Over 21 Yes
Inferred Spouse Mary Young
Inferred Children Lucy Young
Household Members (Name) Age
Thomas J Young 27
Mary Young 24
Lucy Young 2
Lucinda Young 50
Josephine Young 18