Signed Rees ¼ Plate Ambrotype of a Corporal in the “Cumberland Light Dragoons” – The Cumberland Troop – Co. G 3rd Virginia Cavalry

$13,500

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Signed Rees ¼ Plate Ambrotype of a Corporal in the “Cumberland Light Dragoons” – The Cumberland Troop – Co. G 3rd Virginia Cavalry – This fine quarter plate ambrotype of a member of Co. G of the 3rd Virginia Cavalry, the “Cumberland Light Dragoons” is a signed Rees (of Richmond) image. There is no definitive identification of the soldier in the image; he is wearing the distinctive uniform of the regiment, as indicated by comparison to the identified image of Cumberland Troop officers, now housed in the Cumberland County Historical Society. The soldier in this ambrotype appears to be a Corporal, as he has inverted chevrons on both sleeves of his jacket. He has a mounted trooper’s belt, cavalry saber and sash, and he is holding a pair of gauntlets. His belt plate appears to be an early, stamped, sheet brass, rectangular plate. The image is housed in a nicely figured, thermoplastic case. Both the image and the case remain in excellent condition. The 3rd Virginia Cavalry was engaged in numerous battles during their term of service, to include: The Peninsula Campaign, The Seven Days’ Battles, The Battles of Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, The Siege of Petersburg and The Battle of Five Forks.

3rd Virginia Cavalry Regiment
Active July 1861 – April 1865
Disbanded April 1865
Country Confederacy
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Branch  Confederate States Army
Role Cavalry
Engagements Peninsula Campaign
Seven Days’ Battles
Second Battle of Bull Run
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Brandy Station
Battle of Gettysburg
Bristoe Campaign
Overland Campaign
Siege of Petersburg
Valley Campaigns of 1864
Appomattox Campaign
Battle of Five Forks

The 3rd Virginia Cavalry Regiment was a cavalry regiment raised in Tidewater and Southside Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Initially assigned to defend the Hampton Roads area, it fought mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia.[1] As shown by the company table below, members were raised in eight counties: MecklenburgElizabeth CityNew KentHalifaxNottowayCumberlandDinwiddie, and Prince Edward Counties.

History

The 3rd Virginia Cavalry was organized with independent companies and entered Confederate service on July 1, 1861. On June 28, 1861 the Boydton Cavalry and the Cumberland Light Dragoons rode off to defend Yorktown, Virginia under command of CSA General John B. Magruder, and would there meet seven “veteran” cavalry companies, some of whom had already exchanged fire with Union Troops from Fort Monroe.[2] There Lt. John Bell Hood, who had traveled eastward from Richmond upon orders of General Robert E. Lee drilled them in cavalry techniques. The regiment was formed with eleven companies, later reduced to ten. It was also called 2nd Regiment until October 1, 1861, when placed under the command of Col. Robert Johnston (an 1850 West Point graduate who had spent a decade as lieutenant of cavalry), with Lt. Hood promoted to lieutenant colonel. However, Hood’s tenure with the unit only lasted another two weeks, when he was promoted to full colonel and assigned to command the 4th Texas Infantry. Furthermore in the reorganization and elections of April 25, 1862, Lt. Col. Thomas F. Goode replaced Col. Johnston, who was voted out of office. Capt. John P. Thornton of the Prince Edward Dragoons was then named Lt. Col., defeating Maj. Jefferson C. Phillips, who was then appointed Lt.Col. of the 13th Virginia cavalry.[3] Between September 1861 and April 1862, 93% of the officers at captain or higher grades changed, none as a result of battle casualties.[4]

For a time six of its companies served in the Department of the Peninsula and four in the Valley District. Later the unit was assigned to General Fitzhugh Lee’s, then Wickham’s, and finally Munford’s Brigade, all in the Army of Northern Virginia. It fought in many noted battles from Williamsburg to Fredericksburg, then was involved in the engagements at Kelly’s Ford, Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, Upperville, Gettysburg, Bristoe, Mine Run, The Wilderness, Todd’s Tavern, Spotsylvania, Haw’s Shop, and Cold Harbor. The 3rd went on to participate in Gen. Jubal Early’s operations in the Shenandoah Valley and its service ended with the Appomattox Campaign. It took 210 effectives to Gettysburg, but only 3 surrendered on April 9, 1865.

Companies and officers

Its commanders were Colonels Robert Johnston, Thomas F. Goode, and Thomas H. Owen; Lieutenant Colonels John B. HoodThomas F. Goode, Thomas H. Owen, William R. Carter, William M. Field, and John T. Thornton; and Majors John B. Hood, Thomas F. Goode, William R. Carter, Robert Douthat, Jefferson C. Phillips and Henry Carrington Jr.[5] During his time with the regiment Carter kept a field diary, parts of which were published in 1998 under the title Sabres, Saddles, and Spurs.[6] Future Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates and justice of the Virginia Supreme Court of Virginia Benjamin W. Lacy commanded a company in the 3rd Virginia. Confederate surgeon and Civil War diarist Dr. Richard Eppes initially served with the 3rd Virginia cavalry, before furnishing a substitute to complete his term of service.

Troop: Nickname Captain Mustered
AMecklenburg “Boydton Cavelry” (or “Meckenburg Dragoons”) Thomas F. Goode,
William H. Jones,
George D. White,
William T. Boyd
14 May 1861
BHampton-Newport News “Old Dominion Dragoons” Jefferson C. Philips,
William R. Vaughn,
George B. Jones,
Jesse S. Jones
14 May 1861
CHalifax “Black Walnut Dragoons” William H. Easley,
Thomas H. Owen,
John A. Chappell,
John M. Jordan
20 May 1861
D: “Charles City Troop” or “Light Dragoons” Robert Douthat,
Benjamin H. Harrison,
Franklin Guy,
James H. Crump,
John Lamb
18 May 1861
E: “Nottoway Troop” John E. Jones,
Charles A. Jones,
William R. Carter,
John K. Jones
27 May 1861
F: “New Kent Cavalry” (or “Light Dragoons”) Melville Vaiden,
Telemachus Taylor,
Jones R. Christian
28 June 1861
G: “Cumberland Light Dragoons” Henry R. Johnson
William A. Perkins,
James D. Isbell,
George H. Mathews Jr.,
Charles R. Palmore
14 May 1861
HHalifax “Catawba Troop” William Collins, Jr.,
Henry Carrington Jr.,
Clement Carrington
30 May 1861
I (1st): “James City Troop” George E. Geddy,
James H. Allen
(troop transferred to 5th Virginia Cavalry on 1 May 1862)
24 June 1861
I (2nd): “Dinwiddie Calvary” William A. Adams,
William M. Feild
29 May 1861
K: “Prince Edward Dragoons” John T. Thornton,
Peyton R. Berkeley,
Richard H. Watkins,
John H. Knight
24 June 1861

3rd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry

OVERVIEW:

3rd Cavalry Regiment was organized with independent companies and entered Confederate service on July 1, 1861. The regiment was formed with eleven companies, later reduced to ten. It was also called 2nd Regiment until October. Its members were raised in the counties of Mecklenburg, Elizabeth City, New Kent, Halifax, Nottoway, Cumberland, Dinwiddie, and Prince Edward. For a time six companies served in the Department of the Peninsula and four in the Valley District. Later the unit was assigned to General F. Lee’s, Wickham’s, and Munford’s Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia. It fought in many conflicts from Williamsburg to Fredericksburg, then was involved in the engagements at Kelly’sFordChancellorsvilleBrandyStationUppervilleGettysburgBristoeMine RunThe Wilderness, Todd’s Tavern, SpotsylvaniaHaw’s Shop, and Cold Harbor. The 3rd went on to participate in Early’s operations in the Shenandoah Valley and the Appomattox Campaign. It took 210 effectives to Gettysburg, but only 3 surrendered on April 9, 1865. Its commanders were Colonels Thomas F. Goode, Robert Johnston, and Thomas H. Owen; Lieutenant Colonels William R. Carter, William M. Field, and John T. Thornton; and Majors Henry Carrington and Jefferson C. Phillips.

3rd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry

Brief History

The 3rd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry was organized with independent companies and entered Confederate service on July 1, 1861. The regiment was formed with eleven companies, later reduced to ten. It was also called 2nd Regiment until October 1861. It surrendered on April 9, 1865. The commanders were Colonels Thomas F. Goode, Robert Johnston, and Thomas H. Owen; Lieutenant Colonels William R. Carter, William M. Feild, and John I Thornton; and Majors Henry Carrington and Jefferson C. Phillips.[1]

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived, though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. If you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Its members were raised in the counties of Mecklenburg, Elizabeth City, New Kent, Halifax, Nottoway, Cumberland, Dinwiddie, and Prince Edward.

Company A (Boydton Cavalry or Mecklenburg Dragoons) – many men from Mecklenburg County

Company B (Old Dominion Dragoons) – many men from Elizabeth City County

Company C (Black Walnut Dragoons or Light Dragoons) – many men from Halifax County

Company D (Charles City Troop or Light Dragoons) – many men from Charles City County

Company E (Nottaway Troup) – many men from Nottoway County

Company F (New Kent Cavalry or Light Dragoons) – many men from New Kent County

Company G (Cumberland Light Dragoons) – many men from Cumberland County

Company H (Catawba Troop) – many men from Halifax County

Company I 1st (James City Troop or Calvary) – many men from James City County

Company I (2nd) (Dinwiddie Calvary) – many men from Dinwiddie County

Company K (Prince Edward Dragoons) – many men from Prince Edward County

The information above is form3rd Virginia Cavalry, by Thomas P. Nanzig.