Id’d US Model 1864 Cartridge Box – Private Isaiah H. Wells Co. H 17th Ohio Infantry – This M1864 cartridge box, with a lightly embossed “US” on the cover flap, remains in overall very good condition; it has one of the sling buckles either broken or cut off, although the buckle is inside the box; most of the riveted closure tab is also in place, but it is missing a small part of the area that closes over the finial. Both original cartridge tins are in place, as is the implement pouch and both side ears. The leather is pliable, with strong finish remaining and virtually no flaking, with some crazing on the interior implement pouch. The manufacturer’s oval stamp is present on the exterior, lower left corner of the box flap. Inked or stenciled on the mid-interior of the exterior flap is the following:
“I. H. WELLS”
Isaiah H. Wells was a private in Co. H of the 17th Ohio Infantry; he enlisted in September of 1861 and served throughout the war, mustering out in July of 1865. We presume that this was certainly not his first cartridge box, but was probably issued to him some time in 1864. The 17th Ohio was in action, during the war, in the Army of Ohio and the Army of the Cumberland, seeing service at, amongst other engagements: Corinth, Perryville, Stones River, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, the Atlanta Campaign, Kennesaw Mountain and Bentonville. Private Wells accompanied his veteran, hard fighting regiment throughout all of these engagements. These M1864 cartridge boxes are relatively common, yet an identified example, especially one issued and carried by a member of such a battle-hardened regiment, is quite uncommon.
Isaiah H. Wells
|Residence was not listed; 26 years old.
Enlisted on 9/23/1861 as a Private.
On 9/23/1861 he mustered into “H” Co. OH 17th Infantry
He was Mustered Out on 7/16/1865
17th OH Infantry
( 3-years )
|Organized: Camp Dennison, OH on 8/30/61
Mustered Out: 7/16/65 at Louisville, KY
Officers Killed or Mortally Wounded: 6
|Oct ’61||Nov ’61||Big Hill||Thomas’ Command||Army of Ohio|
|Nov ’61||Dec ’61||1||Army of Ohio|
|Dec ’61||Sep ’62||1||1||Army of Ohio|
|Sep ’62||Nov ’62||1||1||3||Army of Ohio|
|Nov ’62||Jan ’63||1||3||Centre, 14||Army of Cumberland|
|Jan ’63||Jul ’65||1||3||14||Dept and Army of Ohio and Cumberland||Mustered Out|
Seventeenth Infantry. – (Three Years’ Service.) Cols.,
John M. Connell, Durbin Ward; Lieut.-Cols., Marshall F. Moore,
Benjamin Showers; Majs., Benjamin F. Butterfield, James W.
Stinchcomb, Willis G. Clark. This regiment was organized at
Camp Dennison, in Sept., 1861, to serve three years. It first
participated in the Wild Cat fight in Kentucky and lost 7 men
wounded. It participated in the siege of Corinth and was
engaged in several severe skirmishes, in one of which Co. B
with 70 men, penetrated the Confederate lines, drove the pick-
ets back on their reserves, and held the position for 2 hours,
losing 2 men severely and 4 slightly wounded. The regiment
went into the battle line on the Stone’s river field and with
its brigade charged the Confederate Gen. Hanson’s brigade,
driving it in confusion, killing its general and some 150 of
the rank and file. The loss of the 17th was 20 wounded. It
moved with its brigade in the Tullahoma campaign, and at Hoo-
ver’s gap charged the 17th Tenn. Confederate regiment, strongly
posted in a belt of woods, driving it back and occupying the
position. At the battle of Chickamauga the regiment was on the
extreme right of the center and when Gen. Wood’s division was
double-quicked out of the line, the gap left exposed the right
flank of the regiment, the Confederates opened fire both on the
right flank and in front, causing it to lose heavily and scat-
tering the men in confusion. Co. B, the only one of the regi-
ment that retreated in a body, gave three cheers, sounded the
rally for the regiment, gathered some 200 men together and
charged on the enemy, but to little purpose, as the Confeder-
ates greatly outnumbered them. Falling back again, they held a
given point and fought throughout that memorable day, leaving
the field with but 52 men. The loss of the 17th in this battle
in killed and wounded was over 200, not counting those with
slight flesh wounds. Lieut.-Col. Ward fell about the middle of
the afternoon, on the front line, badly wounded. At Missionary
ridge, though in the rear line at the start, the regiment was
in the front when the top of the hill was gained. It took only
a subordinate part in the heavy skirmishing at Rocky Face
ridge, but bore its full share in the battle of Resaca. At
Kennesaw mountain the regiment suffered less than it had in
previous actions of less importance, but the heat was so in-
tense that many men were carried off prostrated by sun-stroke.
At the battle of Peachtree creek the regiment was actively en-
gaged, and it advanced under a galling fire of musketry and
artillery to the assault on Jonesboro. The regiment followed
Sherman through the Carolinas, took part in the battle of
Bentonville, passed in review before the president at Wash-
ington, and was mustered out at Louisville, Ky., July 16, 1865.
|17th Ohio Infantry Regiment|
|Ohio state flag|
|Active||April 20, 1861, to August 15, 1861 (3 months)
August 30, 1861, to July 16, 1865 (3 years)
|Engagements||Battle of Wildcat Mountain
Battle of Mill Springs
Siege of Corinth
Battle of Perryville
Battle of Stones River
Battle of Hoover’s Gap
Battle of Chickamauga
Siege of Chattanooga
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
Siege of Atlanta
Battle of Jonesborough
Sherman’s March to the Sea
Battle of Bentonville
The 17th Ohio Infantry Regiment organized at Lancaster, Ohio, and mustered in August 30, 1861, under Colonel John M. Connell in response to President Lincoln’s call for 75,000 volunteers. The regiment moved to Benwood, Virginia, then to Parkersburg, Virginia, April 20–23. The regiment was attached to Rosecrans’ Brigade, Western Virginia, to July 1861. 2nd Brigade, Army of Occupation, Western Virginia, to August 1861.
The regiment performed railroad guard duty and operated against guerrillas in Jackson County, Virginia, until July. (2 companies were assigned garrison duty in Ravenswood, Virginia, until July 10.) The 17th Ohio Infantry skirmished with rebels at Glenville July 7 and participated in the Western Virginia Campaign July 7–17. The regiment subsequently concentrated at Buckhannon and then participated in the expedition to Button July 15–20. The remainder of its duty was at Button until August 3, then left Virginia for Zanesville, Ohio, August 3.
The regiment was attached to 1st Brigade, Army of the Ohio, November to December 1861. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Ohio, to September 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Center, XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland and Army of Georgia, to July 1865.
The 13th Ohio Infantry mustered out of service at Louisville, Kentucky, on July 16, 1865.
Ordered to Camp Dick Robinson, Ky., September 30, and duty there until October 19. March to Wild Cat October 19–21. Action at Camp Wild Cat, Rockcastle Hills, October 21. Operations about Mill Springs and Somerset, Ky., December 1–13, 1861. Advance on Camp Hamilton January 1–17, 1862. Battle of Mill Springs January 19–20. Moved from Mill Springs to Louisville, Ky., February 10–16, thence to Nashville, Tenn., February 18-March 2, and duty there until March 20. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 20-April 8. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 6. Buell’s Campaign in northern Alabama and middle Tennessee June to August. Duty at Iuka, Miss., and Tuscumbia, Ala. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 20-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1–15. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 16-November 7, and duty there until December 26. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26–30. Battle of Stones River December 30–31, 1862 and January 1–3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro until June. Expedition toward Columbia March 4–14. Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Hoover’s Gap June 24–26. Occupation of middle Tennessee until August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga September 19–21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Near Chattanooga October 8. Reopening Tennessee River October 25–29. Brown’s Ferry October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23–27. Orchard Knob November 23–24. Missionary Ridge November 25. Regiment reenlisted January 1, 1864. Veterans on furlough January 22 to March 7, 1864. Reconnaissance to Dalton, Ga., February 22–27, 1864. Tunnel Hill, Buzzard’s Roost Gap and Rocky Faced Ridge February 23–25. Atlanta Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8–11. Battle of Resaca May 14–15. Advance on Dallas May 18–25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kennesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Mountain June 11–14. Lost Mountain June 15–17. Assault on Kennesaw June 27. Ruff’s Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5–17. Peachtree Creek July 19–20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5–7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25–30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Operations against Hood in northern Georgia and northern Alabama September 29-November 3. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10–21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April 1865. Fayetteville, N. C., March 11. Battle of Bentonville March 19–21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10–14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett’s House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C, via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review of the Armies May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June, and duty there until July.
The regiment lost a total of 232 men during service; 6 officers and 71 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 154 enlisted men died of disease.
- Colonel John M. Connell – resigned November 12, 1863
- Colonel Jesse Durbin Ward– commanded at the battle of Chickamauga as lieutenant colonel; promoted to colonel November 13, 1863; resigned November 8, 1864, due to wounds received in battle at Chickamauga
- Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Showers – promoted from captain to lieutenant colonel May 9, 1864; mustered out with regiment July 16, 1865
Due to wounds received at Chickamauga, Colonel Ward was absent from the regiment until April 13, 1864. Major James W. Stinchcomb commanded the regiment during this period, and resigned on May 2, 1864.
UNION OHIO VOLUNTEERS
17th Regiment, Ohio Infantry
Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio, August 30, 1861. Ordered to Camp Dick Robinson, Ky., September 30, and duty there till October 19. March to Wild Cat October 19-21. Action at Camp Wild Cat, Rockcastle Hills, October 21. Attached to 1st Brigade, Army of the Ohio, November to December, 1861. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Army of the Ohio, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Center 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland and Army of Georgia, to July, 1865.
Operations about Mill Springs and Somerset, Ky., December 1-13, 1861. Advance on Camp Hamilton January 1-17, 1862. Battle of Mill Springs January 19-20. Moved from Mill Springs to Louisville Ky., February 10-16, thence to Nashville, Tenn., February 18-March 2, and duty there till March 20. March to Savannah, Tenn., March 20-April 8. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 6. Buell’s Campaign in North Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August. Duty at Iuka, Miss., and Tuscumbia, Ala. March to Louisville, Ky., in pursuit of Bragg August 20-September 26. Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-15. Battle of Perryville, Ky., October 8. March to Nashville, Tenn., October 16-November 7, and duty there till December 26. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone’s River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Duty at Murfreesboro till June. Expedition toward Columbia March 4-14. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 23-July 7. Hoover’s Gap June 24-26. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga (Ga.) Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-21. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Near Chattanooga October 8. Re-opening Tennessee River October 25-29. Brown’s Ferry October 27. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Regiment re-enlisted January 1, 1864. Veterans on Furlough January 22, to March 7, 1864. Reconnoissance to Dalton, Ga., February 22-27, 1864. Tunnel Hill, Buzzard’s Roost Gap and Rocky Faced Ridge February 23-25. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Advance on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Marietta June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff’s Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Fayetteville, N. C., March 11. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett’s House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June, and duty there till July. Mustered out July 16, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 71 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 154 Enlisted men by disease. Total 232.
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