Id’d Silver 12th Corps Badge with Battle Honors – Private Henry Orr Co. F 5th Ohio Infantry
Id’d Silver 12th Corps Badge with Battle Honors – Private Henry Orr Co. F 5th Ohio Infantry – This is a superior example of an engraved, silver, Civil War period 12th Corps badge. The badge features a finely engraved, five-pointed star – the emblem of the Union Army 12th Corps; contained within a circular space within the star, is the number “5”; immediately surrounding the “5”, engraved in the surrounding circle is the following:
Co F 5th O.V.”
Engraved on the tip of each of the five stars are the battles and dates in which Private Ohr or Orr (the latter is how it appears in the Army’s records) was engaged:
Private Orr also participated, with his regiment, at the Battle of Chancellorsville and placed the engraving noting that engagement on the back of one of the star points:
The badge would have been affixed to Orr’s coat or cap via the “T-pin” which is soldered to the back. The badge remains in overall excellent condition, with some minor surface scratches and wear; it measures about 2” from one star tip to another.
The 5th Ohio would be engaged in many major actions during the war and is honored by monuments at Antietam and Gettysburg.
|Residence was not listed; 26 years old.
Enlisted on 5/27/1861 as a Private.
On 5/27/1861 he mustered into “F” Co. OH 5th Infantry
(date and method of discharge not given)
5th OH Infantry
( 3-years )
|Organized: Camp Dennison, OH on 6/21/61
Mustered Out: 7/26/65 at Louisville, KY
Officers Killed or Mortally Wounded: 9
|Jul ’61||Oct ’61||Unatt Inf||Army of Occupation West Virginia|
|Oct ’61||Jan ’62||Railroad Dist||Department of Western Virginia|
|Jan ’62||Mar ’62||2||Landers’||Department of Western Virginia|
|Mar ’62||Apr ’62||2||2||5||Army of Potomac|
|Apr ’62||May ’62||2||2||Department of the Shenandoah|
|May ’62||Jun ’62||3||Shield’s||Department of Rappahannock|
|Jun ’62||Aug ’62||2||1||2||Army of Virginia|
|Aug ’62||Sep ’62||1||2||2||Army of Virginia|
|Sep ’62||Sep ’63||1||2||12||Army of Potomac|
|Sep ’63||Apr ’64||1||2||12||Dept and Army of Ohio and Cumberland|
|Apr ’64||Jul ’65||1||2||20||Dept and Army of Ohio and Cumberland||Mustered Out|
Fifth Infantry. – (Three Years’ Service.) Cols., Samuel
H. Dunning, John H. Patrick; Lieut.-Cols., Harry G. Armstrong,
Robert L. Kilpatrick, Robert Kirkup; Majs., William Gaskill,
John Collins, Henry E. Symmes, Krewson Yerkes. This regiment
was organized at Camp Dennison, June 21, 1861, to serve for
three years. After an active campaign in West Virginia the 5th
was at Winchester in March, and on the 23d marched out to Kern-
stown, took position in support of Daum’s W. Va. battery and
the battle of Winchester opened. Late in the afternoon compa-
nies A, B, C, D and E moved up, and passing through a clump of
underbrush emerged into an open field where they received the
fire of the enemy. When the 84th Pa. fell back in confusion
Gen. Sullivan, commanding the brigade, exclaimed that the army
was whipped; but observing the 5th Ohio still fighting, he ex-
claimed: “No, thank God, the brave 5th Ohio is still standing
its ground, and holding the rebels.” The regimental colors
were perforated with 48 bullet holes and the state flag with
10. During the following May the regiment was presented with
a beautiful stand of colors, sent to it by the city council of
Cincinnati as a token of appreciation for its bravery and effi-
ciency in the battle of Winchester. At the battle of Port Re-
public the regiment conducted itself with its usual courage and
dash, and after firing a couple of volleys it charged on a
fence behind which two Confederate regiments had taken posi-
tion. The charge was a success, the Confederates fleeing into
the woods, where they rallied, but again the 5th charged and
captured a piece of artillery. Immediately thereafter it
marched to the left and repulsed a charge made by the enemy on
a battery. When the order to retreat was finally given, the
5th was designated to cover the movement, in doing which it
lost 185 men taken prisoners. On Aug. 9 it made a forced march
of 8 miles to reach the battle-field of Cedar mountain. At An-
tietam the regiment marched on the field at daylight, advanced
to the edge of a belt of woods and opened fire, driving the
Confederates into a cornfield, where it followed and engaged
them in a fierce hand-to-hand conflict many of them using the
butts of their guns. The conflict was terrible but the enemy
was at last compelled to give way, contesting every foot of the
ground as he did so. During the time the 5th Ohio was engaged
in this battle its cartridge-boxes were emptied three times,
making about 100 shots per man. On the outer edge of the corn-
field lay a row of dead Confederates on their faces, as though
they had been dragged there and laid in order. After various
marches and counter-marches, the 5th went into camp at Dum-
fries, Va., where it was attacked by Gen. Stuart’s cavalry but
the attack was repulsed. On May 1, the regiment entered the
battle of Chancellorsville and performed a distinguished part,
and following that came the great battle of Gettysburg. In the
grand advance of Rosecrans, army toward Chattanooga the 5th
formed a part and had the honor of opening the battle above the
clouds, on Lookout mountain. It was with Sherman in his march
to Atlanta, and when its time of enlistment had expired – not-
withstanding its hard and almost continual service, and the
fact that it was literally shattered to pieces – this brave
band of heroes resolved to “go in for the war.” After a short
furlough home they were back “to the front,” marching to the
sea with Sherman and participating in all the hardships of the
campaign. Then came the great flood of sunlight, Lee’s surren-
der, the triumphant march to Washington, joining in the grand
review; thence to the Queen City of the West, their home, and
at last the muster-out at Louisville, July 26, 1865.
|Residence was not listed; 26 years old.
Enlisted on 4/20/1861 as a Private.
On 4/20/1861 he mustered into “F” Co. OH 5th Infantry
He was Mustered Out on 6/19/1861
He also had service in:
“F” Co. OH 5th Infantry (3 yrs)
|ENLISTMENT DATE:||20 Apr 1861|
|MUSTER REGIMENT:||5th Infantry|
|MUSTER REGIMENT TYPE:||Infantry|
|MUSTER OUT DATE:||19 Jun 1861|
|MUSTER OUT INFORMATION:||Mustered Out|
|SIDE OF WAR:||Union|
|ADDITIONAL NOTES 2:||Muster 2 Date: 20 Apr 1861; Muster 2 Place: Ohio; Muster 2 Unit: 1894; Muster 2 Company: F; Muster 2 Regiment: 5th Infantry; Muster 2 Regiment Type: Infantry; Muster 2 Information: Enlisted;|
|ENLISTMENT DATE:||27 May 1861|
|MUSTER DATE:||27 May 1861|
|MUSTER REGIMENT:||5th Infantry|
|MUSTER REGIMENT TYPE:||Infantry|
|SIDE OF WAR:||Union|
5th Ohio Infantry Regiment
|5th Ohio Infantry Regiment|
|Branch||Volunteer Army, American Civil War|
|Size||1,080 soldiers (July 1861)|
|Engagements||American Civil War|
|2nd Division, XX Corps, Army of the Cumberland|
The 5th Ohio Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment from southwestern Ohio that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War, serving in both the Eastern and Western Theaters in a series of campaigns and battles. It was noted for its holding the high ground at the center of the line at Antietam as part of Tyndale’s 1st Brigade, Greene’s 2nd Division of Mansfield’s XII Corps.
Organization and service
The 5th Ohio Infantry Regiment was organized at Camp Harrison near Cincinnati on 20 April 1861, for three months service. The men were mustered into service on 8 May. The regiment moved to Camp Dennison on 23 May, and was on duty there until 20 June.
After its initial term of enlistment expired, the regiment was reorganized on 20 June 1861, for three years, under Colonel Samuel H. Dunning. The remaining three-months men who did not re-enlist in the new regiment were mustered out on 24 July.
The regiment served in western Virginia for most of the balance of the year. In 1862, the regiment was sent into Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley, where it suffered significant casualties during First Battle of Kernstown in March. At the subsequent Battle of Port Republic on 9 June, the Buckeyes lost 244 killed, wounded and prisoners. Its ranks much depleted from the Valley Campaign, the regiment served in the defenses of Washington, D.C. under John Pope and participated in the Northern Virginia Campaign.
The 5th Ohio Infantry was heavily involved in the fighting at the Battle of Antietam on 17 September 1862. It was part of Major General Joseph Mansfield’s XII Corps and Lt. Col. Hector Tyndale‘s Brigade, along with the 7th Ohio Infantry, 66th Ohio Infantry, and 28th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiments. Entering the battle in support of Joseph Hooker’s I Corps, Tyndale’s brigade inflicted heavy casualties on Alfred H. Colquitt’s brigade and helped drive the Confederates out of the Cornfield. Pushing the Confederates south to the Dunker Church, Tyndale’s men held the area until the afternoon when lack of support, heavy losses and low ammunition compelled them to retreat.
In 1863, the partially replenished 5th Ohio Infantry fought in the Army of the Potomac at Chancellorsville and then served in the Gettysburg Campaign. Transferred later in the summer to the Western Theater and becoming part of the XX Corps under Joseph Hooker, the regiment participated in the Battle of Lookout Mountain near Chattanooga, Tennessee.
The following year, the regiment served in the forces under William T. Sherman in the Atlanta Campaign and was part of Sherman’s March to the Sea and the subsequent operations against Confederate-held Savannah, Georgia. In the spring of 1865, the regiment served in the Carolinas Campaign.
During the Civil War, the 5th Ohio Infantry participated in 28 battles and sustained a loss of more than 500 men killed, wounded and prisoners.
5th Regiment, Ohio Infantry
Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio, June 20, 1861. Left State for West Virginia July 10, 1861, and duty at Grafton, Clarksburg, Oakland and Parkersburg, W. Va., till August 5. Attached to Kelly’s Command, West Virginia, to January, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Landers’ Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Shields’ 2nd Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Shields’ Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to June, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia, to August, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1863, and Army of the Cumberland to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland and Georgia, to July, 1865.
Duty at Buckhannon, W. Va., till November 3, 1861. Action at French Creek November 3 (Cos. “A,” “B” and “C”). Picket duty near Romney till January, 1862. Action near Romney December 8, 1861. Expedition to Blue’s Gap January 6-7, 1862. Blue’s Gap January 7. At Paw Paw Tunnel till March. Advance on Winchester March 7-15. Reconnoissance to Strasburg March 18-21. Battle of Winchester March 22-23. Strasburg and Staunton Road April 1-2. Mt. Jackson April 16. March to Fredericksburg, Va., May 12-21, and return to Front Royal May 25-30. Battle of Port Republic June 9. Battles of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Guard trains during the Battles of Bull Run August 28-30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va., September 22, and duty at Bolivar Heights till December. Reconnoissance to Rippon, W. Va., November 9. Reconnoissance to Winchester December 2-6. March to Stafford Court House, Va., December 10-14, and duty there till January 20, 1863. Dumfries, Va., December 27, 1862. “Mud March” January 20-24, 1863. At Stafford Court House till April 27. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Duty at New York during draft disturbances August 15-September 8. Moved to Bridgeport, Ala., September 24-October 3. Reopening Tennessee River October 26-29. Battle of Wauhatchie October 28-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Lookout Mountain November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. Ringgold Gap, Taylor’s Ridge, November 27. Scout to Caperton’s Ferry March 31-April 2, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1-September 8. Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Dug Gap or Mill Creek May 8. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Cassvllle May 19. New Hope Church May 25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 26-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Gilgal or Golgotha Church June 15. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Kolb’s Farm June 22. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff’s Station or Smyrna Camp Ground July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge August 26-September 2. Occupation of Atlanta September 2-November 15. Near Atlanta November 9. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. North Edisto River February 12-13. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett’s House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June 6. Mustered out July 26, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 9 Officers and 137 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 55 Enlisted men by disease. Total 203.
5th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment
The 5th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 9 officers and 137 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 55 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The regiment traveled 1,375 miles on foot and 993 by rail, and was engaged in six pitched battles. It is honored by a monument at Antietam shared with the 7th and 66th Ohio Regiments and by a monument at Gettysburg.
|April 20||Organized at Camp Harrison near Cincinnati|
|May 8||Mustered into United States service for three months|
|May 23||To Camp Dennison|
|June 20||Organized for three years service by unanimous consent under the command of Colonel Samuel H. Dunning and Lieutenant Colonel John H. Patrick.|
|July 10||Left Camp Dennison by rail for Belair, crossed the Ohio River to Benwood, Virginia, and then to Grafton and Clarksburg, Virginia|
|July 14||Left at night by rail for Oakland, Virginia|
|July 15||Attached to the brigade of Brigadier General Charles W. Hill. Pursuit of Garnett’s retreating men over a spur of the Allegheny mountains. Returned to Oakland, where a private was accidentally shot and killed, the regiment’s first fatality, and then Parkersburg.|
|August 5||Attached to Kelly’s Command, West Virginia, and marched to Buckhannon, Virginia.|
Action at French Creek
Companies A, B and C killed six or seven Rebels and lost one man killed.
|November 5||At New Creek on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad.|
|November 7||At Romney, Virginia|
|December 8||Action near Romney|
|December||Picket duty near Romney attached to 2nd Brigade, Lauders’ Division, Army of the Potomac|
Expedition to Blue’s Gap
Colonel Dunning led an attack on a camp of 1,500 Confederates about 16 miles from Romney. The march began at midnight in driving snow-storm. It captured the Confederate outpost line and and advanced to within a mile of the Rebel camp before being detected. Climbing a steep mountain side, the men drove the defenders from their earthworks. Twenty Confederates were killed, and two cannon and a number of prisoners were captured. a mill and outbuildings were burned.
The regiment returned to Romney immediately after the fight, having marched a total of thirty-four miles and fought a battle.
|January 10||Left the camp at Romney and fell back on Patterson Creek.|
|February 14||Reconnaissance to Bloomery Furnace with the 8th Ohio, under the overall command of General Lander. Returned to camp at Paw Paw afterwards.|
|January-March||At Paw Paw Tunnel, campaigning along New Creek and frequently bivouacking in the snow.|
|March 7-15||Advance on Winchester attached to 2nd Brigade, Shields’ 2nd Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps, and Dept. of the Shenandoah|
|March 18-21||Reconnaissance to Strasburg. Marched to about seven miles south of Mount Jackson before returning to Winchester. Exchanged picket fire with the enemy but with no casualties to either side.|
Battle of Kernstown
The regiment marched four miles south from Winchester to Kernstown and was placed in support of Daum’s Indiana Battery. The Confederates under Jackson launched their attack around 9 a.m., and the 5th Ohio continued in support of the battery until later afternoon, when Companies A-E were ordered forward under Colonel Kikpatrick into the open. The 84th Pennsylvania on the regiment’s right was forced to fall back; its Colonel Murray was killed trying to rally them.
The 5th Ohio stubbornly maintained the close range fire fight. After four of the 5th Ohio’s color bearers were shot down Captain George B. Whitcom of Cincinnati grabbed the colors and shouted, “Boys, keep the colors up!” before he was struck over the eye and killed. His words became part of the regimental badge and are on its monument at Gettysburg.
Then reinforcements came up in the form of the 14th Indiana, at which point the Union line advanced and drove the Confederates from the field. Darkness prevented a vigorous pursuit.
The regiment lost 47 casualties. After the fight the regimental colors were found to have 48 bullet holes and the national colors ten.
|March 24||Moved south along the Valley Pike to a position five miles south of Strasburg.|
|April 1||Marched through Woodstock and camped near Edinburg.|
|April 1-2||Exchanged shots with Ashby’s Confederate cavalry, which had burned the bridge over the Shenandoah River.|
|April 4||Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Department of the Shenandoah|
|April 16||Marched into Mt. Jackson accompanied by a detachment of the 1st Vermont Cavalry|
|April 17-May 2||At New Market, with Colonel Dunning in command of the brigade.|
|May 3||Advanced to Harrisonburg. While there the 5th Ohio was presented with a stand of colors sent by the City Council of Cincinnati in thanks for the regiment’s bravery at Kernstown.|
|May 12-21||Marched 150 miles to Fredericksburg, Va. and attached to 2nd Brigade, Shields’ Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock.|
|May 25-30||The regiment returned to Front Royal and continued on along the Shenandoah River along muddy roads in a heavy rail on half rations.|
|June 8||Arrived at Port Republic.|
Battle of Port Republic
The battle started out well for the 5th Ohio, which made a series of charges which captured a Confederate artillery piece. But the Union line was overwhelmed. The regiment was ordered to act as rear guard to cover the retreat of the army. The regiment lost 244 casualties, of whom 185 were captured covering the retreat. The colors were saved by the Color Corporals Brinkman and Shaw, who wrapped the flags around their bodies and swam across the Shenandoah River to reach General Fremont’s army. Lieutenant Kirkup was taken prisoner but escaped and in turn captured two Confederates as he made his way to safety.
|June 10||The retreat halted near Luray.|
|June 21-24||Marched through Thoroughfare Gap to Bristoe Station|
|June 25-July 24||Daily marches in futile pursuit of Jackson totaling 500 miles and ending at Alexandria with the men “nearly naked, without shelter, and worn out.”|
|June 26||Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia|
|June 25-July 24||Five weeks of daily marches in futile pursuit of Jackson totaling 500 miles and ending at Alexandria with the men “nearly naked, without shelter, and worn out.”|
|July 25||Sent by rail to Warrenton|
|July 31-August 1||Marched to Little Washington.|
|August 2||Colonel Dunning resigned due to continued illness and Lieutenant Colonel Patrick was promoted to colonel.|
|August 5-7||Marched trough Sperryville to Culpeper Court House.|
Battle of Cedar Mountain
The 5th Ohio made a forced march of eight miles from Culpeper to reach the battle-field, bringing 270 men to the field. The outnumbered Union troops were forced to fall back, and the regiment lost 18 enlisted men killed, 13 officers and 89 enlisted men wounded, and 2 men missing. Lieutenant Colonel H. G. Armstrong was badly wounded and disabled from further service. The Major and Adjutant and Captain Robert Kirkup were also wounded.
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia
|August 28-30||Guarded trains during the Battle of Bull Run|
|September 6-22||Maryland Campaign. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|September 16||Marched via Frederick, Middletown and Boonsboro to the Antietam battlefield.|
Battle of Antietam
The 180 men of the 5th Ohio marched onto the battlefield at first daylight under the command of Major John Collins, as Colonel Patrick was sick. The regiment moved in column, by company until it came under fire about fifty yards from the East Woods. Returning fire, the regiment advanced and in hand to hand fighting drove the Confederates through the Cornfield and into the West Woods. Here the advance was halted.
The whole brigade numbered less than 500 men and could not hold the advanced position. Two regiments of reinforcements came up on the left flank but were quickly driven back in disorder, and the regiment was forced to fall back to prevent being outflanked. The 5th Ohio emptied their cartridge boxes three times during the fighting. It lost 54 men killed and wounded.
From the monument to the 5th, 7th and 66th Ohio Infantry Regiments:
These three regiments became engaged about 7:30 A.M., September 17, 1862, advanced and drove the enemy from the woods near the Dunkard Church and were in action until 1:30 P.M. Their combined loss was 17 men killed, 4 officers and 87 men wounded, 2 men missing, total 110.
Private John Murphy was awarded the Medal of Honor for capturing the flag of the 13th Alabama Infantry Regiment.
From the first of two War Department markers on Tyndale’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:
Tyndale’s Brigade, on the right of the Division, reached this point about 8 A. M., relieved a portion of Crawford’s Brigade, and engaged the Confederate Infantry in the East Woods.
After a short and sharp contest, the enemy gave way and the Brigade, obliquing to the left, crossed the Smoketown Road, entered the fields to the right of Mumma’s burning buildings, and took position behind the ridge opposite the Dunkard Church.
From the second of two War Department markers on Tyndale’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:
Tyndale’s Brigade, after the right flank of the enemy had been turned, pursued through the East Woods, crossed to the south side of the Smoketown Road and passing to the right of Mumma’s burned out buildings, halted behind the ridge a few yards east of this point, where, with the assistance of Monroe’s and Tompkins’ Rhode Island Batteries, it repulsed several assaults of the enemy.
About 10:30 A. M. the Brigade crossed the road and entered the woods on the right of the Dunkard Church. Joined on the right by the 13th New Jersey Infantry of Williams Division, it remained in this position until noon when it was compelled to retire to the East Woods.
From Major Collins’ official report:
On the morning of the 17th, at 6 o’clock a. m., the Fifth Ohio Regiment, commanded by Major John Collins, was ordered to advance toward the enemy on the right. They proceeded in column by divisions until arriving within short distance of the enemy, when we deployed to the right of the Twenty-eighty Pennsylvania, of the same brigade, thus forming the right center, two Ohio regiments being deployed still farther to our right. Our regiment then moved forward to the woods occupied by the rebels, and after a short but severe contest, succeeded in driving them before us. From the woods the enemy retired to a corn-field, followed by us, and while in the corn our regiment engaged a Georgia regiment in a hand-to-hand combat, using clubbed guns, a portion of the men having no bayonet. The enemy at this point was severely punished. After a short resistance, the enemy again gave way, and, being closely pursued, sustained great loss. We followed the retreating foe through the corn into an open field beyond, where, our men being out of ammunition, we halted behind the brow of a hill until the cartridge-boxes of the men were replenished. We then advanced about 50 yards farther, at which time the enemy were observed coming toward us. Our regiment laid down until they approached quite near, when they suddenly raised and discharged a volley into their lines which caused them to retreat in confusion. We followed them, driving them through the field into the woods in rear, and out of the woods into the corn still farther beyond. The regiment at this time was so reduced, from wounds and other causes, as to be unable to pursue farther.
About the center of the woods we took a position which we held until again out of ammunition, when, owing to the retreat of a regiment on our right, caused by the advance of a greatly superior force of rebels, we were compelled, at about 1 o’clock p. m., to retire from our position.
It is no flattery to say that officers and men did their duty bravely during the whole of the six hours’ fire to which they were subjected.
Official Records: Series 1, Vol 19, Part 1 (Antietam – Serial 27) , Page 507
|September 22||Moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va. and duty at Bolivar Heights|
|November 9||Reconnaissance to Rippen, W. Va.|
|December 2-6||Reconnaissance to Winchester|
|December 10-16||March to Stafford Court House, Virginia and then to an outpost camp at Dumfries, Virginia. The regiment’s duties at Dumfries prevented it from participating in the Battle of Fredericksburg.|
Confederate cavalry attacked in the afternoon and the fighting continued until dark, when they withdrew. Colonel Patrick had returned from sick leave and was in command. Lieutenants Leforce and Walker of company G were killed, three enlisted men were wounded, and five enlisted men were captured.
|April 20||Left Dumfries to join the 12th Corps|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|April 29||Crossed the Rapidan River|
Battle of Chancellorsville
The 5th Ohio was under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Kilpatrick. It fought around Fairview Hill and the Chancellor House, and was one of the last regiments to withdraw from the position near the Chancellor House. The regiment lost 6 men killed, 52 wounded and 24 missing.
|June 11-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
Battle of Gettysburg
The regiment was commanded by Colonel John H. Patrick.
From the monument on Culp’s Hill at Gettysburg:
Arriving in position at 5 p.m., July 1, was detached and held extreme left of line on north side of Little Round Top. Morning of July 2 moved to Culp’s Hill, and at evening moved as far as Rock Creek to re-enforce the left. Returned to Culp’s Hill during the night and on morning of July 3 was engaged where this monument stands until 11 a.m. in repulsing the enemy and retaking the Union works.
Gettysburg July 1,2,3, 1863. Present for duty 315. Killed 2, wounded 16, total loss 18.
Lieutenant Brinkman, a hero of the Battle of Port Republic, was one of the killed.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.|
|August 15||Sent from Alexandria, Virginia to New York City and duty there during the draft riots.|
|September 8||Returned to Alexandria|
|September 28-30||Moved on via the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad for Benwood, West Virginia, where it crossed the Ohio River by ferry.|
|September 30-October 6||Moved by rail to Indianapolis, Indiana (missing Cincinnati, the home that most of the men had not seen in two and a half years), then south by rail to Louisville, Nashville, and Murfreesboro.|
|October 7-8||Moved to Bridgeport, Ala. and attached to the Army of the Cumberland|
|October 26-29||Reopening of the Tennessee River|
|October 28-29||Battle of Wauhatchie|
|November 23-27||Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign|
|November 23-24||Lookout Mountain|
|November 25||Mission Ridge|
|November 27||Ringgold Gap, Taylor’s Ridge|
|March 31-April 2||Scout to Caperton’s Ferry|
|April||Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland|
|May 8-11||Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge|
|May 8||Dug Gap or Mill Creek|
|May 14-15||Battle of Resaca|
New Hope Church
Colonel Patrick was killed by an artillery shell while leading a charge.
|May 26-June 5||Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills|
|June 10-July 2||Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain|
|June 11-14||Pine Hill|
|June 11||Veterans and Recruits from the mustered-out 7th Ohio Infantry transferred in.|
|June 15-17||Lost Mountain|
|June 15||Gilgal or Golgotha Church|
|June 17||Muddy Creek|
|June 19||Noyes Creek|
|June 22||Kolb’s Farm|
|June 27||Assault on Kenesaw|
|July 4||Ruff’s Station or Smyrna Camp Ground|
|July 5-17||Chattahoochie River|
|July 19-20||Peach Tree Creek|
|July 22-August 25||Siege of Atlanta|
|August 26-September 2||Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge|
|September 2-November 15||Occupation of Atlanta|
|September 26||Captain Robert Kirkup of Company D was promoted to lieutenant colonel|
|November 9||Near Atlanta|
|November 15-December 10||March to the sea|
|December 10-21||Siege of Savannah|
|January to April||Campaign of the Carolinas|
|February 12-13||North Edisto River|
|March 19-21||Battle of Bentonville, N. C.|
|March 24||Occupation of Goldsboro|
|April 10-14||Advance on Raleigh|
|April 14||Occupation of Raleigh|
|April 26||Bennett’s House. Surrender of Johnston and his army.|
|April 29-May 20||March to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Va.|
|May 24||Grand Review|
|June 6||Moved to Louisville, Ky.|
|July 20||Robert Kirkup was promoted to colonel but not mustered.|
|July 26||Mustered out|
Facts about this regiment:
Regiment mustered in on June 21st, 1861.
Regiment mustered out of service on July 26th, 1865.
- Romney, West Virginia (Oct 1861) fought on October 26th, 1861 near Romney, West Virginia, West Virginia
- Skirmish at Romney, West Virginia fought on December 8th, 1861
- First Kernstown fought on March 23rd, 1862 near Frederick County, Virginia, Winchester, Virginia
- Shiloh fought on April 6th, 1862 – April 7th, 1862 near Hardin County, Tennessee
- Port Republic fought on June 9th, 1862 near Rockingham County, Virginia
- Cedar Mountain fought on August 9th, 1862 near Culpepper County, Virginia
- Antietam fought on September 17th, 1862 near Sharpsburg, Maryland
- Skirmish at Dumfries, Virginia fought on December 27th, 1862
- Chancellorsville fought on April 30th, 1863 – May 6th, 1863 near Spotsylvania County, Virginia
- Gettysburg fought on July 1st, 1863 – July 3rd, 1863 near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
- Brigade Leader(s): Candy. Division Leader(s): Geary. Corp: XII Corps.
- Culp’s Hill fought on July 2nd, 1863 near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
- Mine Run fought on November 27th, 1863 – December 2nd, 1863 near Orange County, Virginia
- New Hope Church fought on May 25th, 1864 – May 26th, 1864 near Paulding County, Georgia
- Dallas fought on May 27th, 1864 – June 4th, 1864 near Paulding County, Georgia
- Kennesaw Mountain fought on June 27th, 1864 near Cobb County, Georgia
- Peachtree Creek fought on July 20th, 1864 near Fulton County, Georgia
- Second Dalton fought on August 14th, 1864 – August 15th, 1864 near Whitfield County, Georgia
Regiment was made up of:
- Company A
- Company B
- Company C
- Company D
- Company E
- Company F
- Company G
- Company H
- Company I
- Company K
- Company F&S (Field and Staff)
Commander List:(#Prisoner Of War, ^Wounded, %=Died during war)
- Anthony, Edward Rhodes (Comm Sergeant, November 1861 – October 1862; Second Lieutenant, October 1862 – April 1863; First Lieutenant, April 1863 – March 1864; Captain, March 1864 – June 1864)
- Armstrong, Harry G. (First Colonel, April 1861 – June 1861; Captain/First Sergeant/Second Lieutenant, June 1861 – February 1862; Major, February 1862 – May 1862; Major, June 1862 – August 1862; Lieutenant Colonel/Captain, August 1862 – January 1863)
- Armstrong, Henry G. (Captain/First Sergeant/Lieutenant Colonel, April 1861 – June 1861)
- Baldwin, Charles H. (Corporal, April 1861 – June 1861; Sergeant, June 1861 – June 1861)
- Ball, Alfred (Surgeon, April 1861 – June 1861)
- Barr, Andrew J. (Corporal/Commissary Sergeant, April 1861 – June 1861; Comm Sergeant/Sergeant, April 1864 – July 1865)
- Belmer, Herman (Corporal, June 1861 – January 1864; Sergeant, January 1864 – June 1864; Sergeant Major, June 1864 – September 1864; Second Lieutenant, September 1864 – February 1865; First Lieutenant, February 1865 – July 1865)
- Bennett, George W. (Drum Major/Musician, June 1861 – April 1863; Musician/Principal Musician, April 1863 – June 1864)
- Bennett, Washington George (Musician/Principal Musician, June 1861 – April 1863)
- Bierman, A H (Musician/Musician Second Class, June 1861 – July 1862)
- Bierman, Alexander H. (Musician Second Class, June 1861 – July 1862)
- Clark, James (Sergeant Major, April 1863 – May 1863; First Lieutenant/First Sergeant, May 1863 – July 1864)
- Coddington, Stephen (Sergeant, April 1861 – June 1861; Sergeant Major, June 1862 – January 1863; Second Lieutenant, January 1863 – May 1863; First Lieutenant, May 1863 – May 1864; Captain/Sergeant, May 1864 – June 1865)
- Collins, John F (Captain/Ensign/Second Lieutenant, April 1861 – June 1861; Major/Ensign, August 1862 – March 1863)
- Davis, Thomas B. (Principal Musician, June 1861 – June 1861; Chief Fifer, August 1861 – November 1862)
- Doyle, James (Musician/Musician Third Class, June 1861 – June 1864)
- Dunning, Samuel H. (Colonel, April 1861 – June 1861; Colonel, June 1861 – August 1862)
- Fields, Orestes G. (Acting Surgeon/Assistant Surgeon, January 1863 – October 1863)
- Fuller, James D. (Musician, June 1861 – July 1862)
- Gaskill, William (Major/Adjutant, June 1861 – January 1862)
- Graham, Orbert (%Sergeant Major, March 1862 – March 1862; Second Lieutenant, March 1862 – June 1862)
- Graham, Robert (Sergeant Major, March 1862 – March 1862; First Sergeant/Second Lieutenant, March 1862 – July 1865)
- Hatcher, Alexander H (Band/Musician/Musician Third Class, June 1861 – July 1862)
- Heyl, James H. (Musician Third Class, June 1861 – July 1862)
- Hile, Micheal (Musician Third Class, June 1861 – ?)
- Humphries, George P (Quartermaster Sergeant, April 1861 – June 1861; Quatermaster Sergeant, April 1863 – June 1864)
- Hussey, Thomas (First Lieutenant, April 1861 – April 1861)
- Jackson, William P. (%Quatermaster Sergeant/Corporal/Second Lieutenant, January 1862 – May 1863)
- Janner, Alexander E. (Surgeon, August 1864 – July 1865)
- Junkins, James G. (Acting Surgeon/Assistant Surgeon, November 1864 – July 1865)
- Kent, Henry (Fife Major/Musician/Principal Musician, May 1863 – June 1864)
- Kilpatrick, Robert Lacy (^Lieutenant Colonel, April 1863 – July 1864)
- Kirkup, Robert (Lieutenant Colonel/Second Lieutenant, September 1864 – July 1865)
- Lyons, James (Drum Major, June 1865 – July 1865)
- Marlatt, Thomas (Muss, April 1861 – June 1861)
- Marshall, Hugh (Ensign/First Sergeant/Second Lieutenant, April 1861 – June 1861; First Lieutenant, March 1862 – July 1862; Adjutant, July 1862 – February 1863)
- Mather, Andrew (Musician/Musician Second Class, July 1861 – July 1862)
- Mathias, Schwab (Quatermaster Sergeant, October 1864 – May 1865; First Lieutenant, May 1865 – ?)
- McCallister, William (Musician, June 1861 – June 1861; Drum Major, June 1861 – ?)
- McClure, Robert S. (Hospl Steward/Hospital Steward, June 1861 – July 1865)
- Miller, Joseph W (Sergeant Major, December 1861 – June 1862; Second Lieutenant, June 1862 – June 1863)
- Mott, Alexander (Corporal/Captain, April 1861 – June 1861)
- Myers, Edward Y (Corporal, August 1862 – September 1862; Colonel, September 1862 – September 1862)
- Patrick, John H. (%Lieutenant Colonel, April 1861 – June 1861; Lieutenant Colonel, June 1861 – August 1862; Colonel/Lieutenant Colonel, August 1862 – May 1864)
- Richey, James (Sergeant, January 1864 – June 1864; First Sergeant, June 1864 – May 1865; Sergeant Major, May 1865 – July 1865)
- Schellhorn, Edward (Musician, June 1861 – July 1862)
- Sheffield, William (Comm Sergeant/Commissary Sergeant, November 1862 – March 1863)
- Sheppard, Thomas C. (Musician, June 1861 – July 1862)
- Sherer, Henry W (Musician/Musician First Class, June 1861 – July 1862)
- Smith, Charles W. (Ensign/First Sergeant/Second Lieutenant, May 1861 – June 1861; Second Lieutenant/Ensign/First Lieutenant/adjutant, June 1861 – February 1862; First Lieutenant/First Lieutenant And Adjutant, February 1862 – June 1862)
- Spreyer, Peter (Musician, June 1861 – July 1862)
- Swain, Alfred G (Comm Sergeant, March 1862 – June 1864)
- Symmes, Henry E. (^%Major/Captain, March 1863 – July 1864)
- Thomas, William Hannibal (First Lieutenant, February 1863 – June 1863; Corporal, June 1863 – October 1863; Sergeant, October 1863 – June 1864)
- Tibbals, William F. (Hospital Steward/Assistant Surgeon, April 1861 – June 1861)
- Tomlinson, William C (Quatermaster Sergeant, April 1861 – June 1861; Quartermaster Sergeant, June 1861 – June 1861; Quatermaster Sergeant, June 1861 – ?)
- White, Edward E (Hospital Steward, June 1862 – June 1865; Fife Major, June 1865 – July 1865)
- Whitson, Caleb C. (First Lieutenant, April 1861 – June 1861; First Lieutenant, June 1861 – June 1861)
- Yerkes, Krewson (Sergeant/Major, April 1861 – June 1861; First Sergeant/Major, February 1865 – July 1865)